Polarization-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.

Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60607-7061, USA.
Optics Letters (Impact Factor: 3.18). 03/2009; 34(4):494-6. DOI: 10.1364/OL.34.000494
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It is shown that plasma polarization measurements can be used to enhance the sensitivity of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The polarization of the plasma emission is used to suppress the continuum with only slight attenuation of the discrete atomic and ionic spectra. The method is demonstrated for LIBS detection of copper and carbon samples ablated by pairs of femtosecond laser pulses.

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    ABSTRACT: The spectral and temporal polarization dependencies of nanosecond laser-induced plasmas are explored for analysis of gaseous and solid samples using various experimental configurations. Plasma emission measurements were resolved into vertical and horizontal polarization components, and the ratio of the two polarization-resolved measurements was calculated for each sample and configuration. For the solid target, measurements were recorded with the sample oriented both normal to the incident laser beam as well as at oblique angles of incidence. The results for the breakdown of a pure, nitrogen gaseous sample revealed no degree of polarization in either the continuum or atomic emission, with the ratios of the horizontally-to-vertically resolved plasma emission showing values equal to unity when resolved both temporally and spectrally. The analysis of both copper and steel solid samples also showed no polarization dependency in the spectral and temporal data when the laser was incidentally normal to the sample surface. For oblique angles of incidence, some polarization (
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