Adiponectin-activated AMPK stimulates dephosphorylation of AKT through protein phosphatase 2A activation.
ABSTRACT Low serum levels of adiponectin are a high risk factor for various types of cancer. Although adiponectin inhibits proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer cells, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain obscure. In this study, we show that adiponectin-activated AMPK reduces the invasiveness of MDA-MB-231 cells by stimulating dephosphorylation of AKT by increasing protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity. Among the various regulatory B56 subunits, B56gamma was directly phosphorylated by AMPK at Ser(298) and Ser(336), leading to an increase of PP2A activity through dephosphorylation of PP2Ac at Tyr(307). We also show that both the blood levels of adiponectin and the tissue levels of PP2A activity were decreased in breast cancer patients and that the direct administration of adiponectin into tumor tissues stimulates PP2A activity. Taken together, these findings show that adiponectin, derived from adipocytes, negatively regulates the invasiveness of breast cancer cells by activating the tumor suppressor PP2A.
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is characterized by hyperleptinaemia and hypoadiponectinaemia and these metabolic abnormalities may contribute to the progression of several obesity-associated cancers including oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). We have examined the effects of leptin and adiponectin on OE33 OAC cells. Leptin stimulated proliferation, invasion and migration and inhibited apoptosis in a STAT3-dependant manner. Leptin-stimulated MMP-2 secretion in a partly STAT3-dependent manner and MMP-9 secretion via a STAT3-independent pathway. Adiponectin inhibited leptin-induced proliferation, migration, invasion, MMP secretion and reduced the anti-apoptotic effects: these effects of adiponectin were ameliorated by both a non-specific tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor and a specific PTP1B inhibitor. Adiponectin reduced leptin-stimulated JAK2 activation and STAT3 transcriptional activity in a PTP1B-sensitive manner and adiponectin increased both PTP1B protein and activity. We conclude that adiponectin restrains leptin-induced signalling and pro-carcinogenic behaviour by inhibiting the early events in leptin-induced signal transduction by activating PTP1B. Relative adiponectin deficiency in obesity may contribute to the promotion of OAC.Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 08/2013; · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between serum concentrations of leptin or adiponectin, and endometrial carcinoma in Chinese women. We conducted a case-control study of a total of 516 Chinese women to detect the relationships between serum concentrations of leptin or adiponectin, and endometrial carcinoma in Chinese women. The study subject constituted 206 cases of endometrial cancer and 310 normal controls. Patients with endometrial carcinoma had higher serum leptin concentrations than controls (28.8±2.2 ug/L vs. 19.8±1.4 ug/L; p<0.001). The adiponectin levels in patients were lower than in controls with borderline statistical significance (2,330.7±180.5 ug/L vs. 2,583.9±147.2 ug/L; p=0.078). Logistic regression analysis confirmed the associations between leptin or adiponectin, and endometrial carcinoma after adjustment for age, body mass index, fasting insulin, serum glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (odds ratio for the top tertile vs. the bottom tertile: leptin 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28 to 3.29; p<0.001; adiponectin 0.52; 95% CI, 0.32 to 0.83; p<0.001). Increased leptin or decreased adiponectin levels are associated with endometrial carcinoma.Journal of Gynecologic Oncology 10/2013; 24(4):336-41. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adiponectin is an adipokine that can suppress the proliferation of various human carcinoma cells. Although its anti-tumor activities have been suggested by many clinical investigations and animal studies, the underlying mechanisms are not fully characterized. In MMTV-polyomavirus middle T antigen (MMTV-PyVT) transgenic mice models, reduced- or complete loss-of-adiponectin expression promotes mammary tumor development. The present study demonstrated that while tumor development in control MMTV-PyVT mice is associated with a progressively decreased circulating cholesterol concentration, adiponectin deficient MMTV-PyVT mice showed significantly elevated total- and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels. Cholesterol contents in tumors derived from adiponectin deficient mice were dramatically augmented. High fat high cholesterol diet further accelerated the tumor development in adiponectin deficient PyVT mice. The protein levels of LDL receptor (LDLR) were found to be upregulated in adiponectin-deficient tumor cells. In human breast carcinoma cells, treatment with LDL-cholesterol or overexpressing LDLR elevates nuclear beta-catenin activity and facilitates tumor cell proliferation. On the other hand, adiponectin decreased LDLR protein expression in breast cancer cells and inhibited LDL-cholesterol-induced tumor cell proliferation. Both in vivo and in vitro evidence demonstrated a stimulatory effect of adiponectin on autophagy process, which mediated the down-regulation of LDLR. Adiponectin-induced reduction of LDLR was blocked by treatment with a specific inhibitor of autophagy, 3-methyladenine. In conclusion, the study demonstrates that adiponectin elicits tumor suppressive effects by modulating cholesterol homeostasis and LDLR expression in breast cancer cells, which is at least in part attributed to its role in promoting autophagic flux.Oncotarget 10/2013; · 6.64 Impact Factor