More Information than You Ever Wanted: Does Facebook Bring Out the Green-Eyed Monster of Jealousy?

Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Cyberpsychology & behavior: the impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society (Impact Factor: 1.59). 05/2009; 12(4):441-4. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2008.0263
Source: PubMed


The social network site Facebook is a rapidly expanding phenomenon that is changing the nature of social relationships. Anecdotal evidence, including information described in the popular media, suggests that Facebook may be responsible for creating jealousy and suspicion in romantic relationships. The objectives of the present study were to explore the role of Facebook in the experience of jealousy and to determine if increased Facebook exposure predicts jealousy above and beyond personal and relationship factors. Three hundred eight undergraduate students completed an online survey that assessed demographic and personality factors and explored respondents' Facebook use. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis, controlling for individual, personality, and relationship factors, revealed that increased Facebook use significantly predicts Facebook-related jealousy. We argue that this effect may be the result of a feedback loop whereby using Facebook exposes people to often ambiguous information about their partner that they may not otherwise have access to and that this new information incites further Facebook use. Our study provides evidence of Facebook's unique contributions to the experience of jealousy in romantic relationships.

Download full-text


Available from: Emily Christofides,
    • "Individuals suffering from low-self-esteem were especially affected by need for popularity, jealousy, and monitoring behavior (Utz & Beukeboom, 2011). As Muise et al. (2009) suggested, the link between Facebook use and jealousy might well be reciprocal, with exposure to the partners' Facebook information leading to more frequent profile page visits, which in turn leads to more jealousy. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study focuses on how adolescents perceive the ways in which romantic relationships are experienced and expressed through social networking sites. Eleven focus group conversations among 57 adolescents between 15 and 18 years old in Flanders, Belgium were analyzed. The findings demonstrate that social networking sites play an important role in relational information seeking. Pictures and status updates are regarded as the most important source of information about a potential romantic partner. In order to express romantic interest respondents indicated that they would like pictures and status updates from several years ago or that they would initiate a conversation through private messages. The respondents in our sample did not consider being Facebook Official as an important part of a romantic relationship. The adolescents recognized the potential of social networking sites to elicit jealousy and identified forms of controlling behavior such as sharing passwords or monitoring the partners' profiles. A romantic break-up often led to removing ex-partners from one's profile pages and adolescents most frequently observed the posting of emotional status updates by ex-partners as a result of the relationship dissolution. The discussion includes suggestions for future research and implications for practice.
    Computers in Human Behavior 02/2016; 55(PA):76-86. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2015.08.042 · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Are these associations different for women and men? We expanded on the findings of Muise et al. (2009) and Marshall et al. (2013), going beyond these studies' outcomes of emotional jealousy and social media surveillance on Facebook to look more broadly at intrusive digital dating behaviors on all social media platforms. Although much of this early research on social media communication between dating partners focused on a single media platform (e.g., Facebook), platforms are rapidly changing and patterns of use are evolving. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Social media has become an important context for dating relationships among young adults. This study sought to explore how the ubiquitous and public nature of social media may interact with college students’ individual characteristics to contribute to intrusiveness and invasion of privacy in dating relationships. A survey of 307 college students asked participants about their adult romantic attachment style and engagement in “electronic intrusion” (EI). EI included looking at a dating partner’s private electronic information without permission, monitoring a partner’s whereabouts using social media, and monitoring who a partner talks to or is friends with on social media. There were no gender differences in frequency of perpetrating EI. Results showed that level of attachment anxiety was positively associated with EI for women and men, and level of avoidance was negatively associated with EI for women. Results suggest that attachment style influences intrusive electronic dating behaviors, and social media may increase risk for anxiously attached college students to engage in EI for anxiety relief.
    Computers in Human Behavior 09/2015; 50. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.050 · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Some studies have suggested that frequent use of technology may be associated with negative outcomes. For example, frequent use of social networking sites may be associated with depressive symptoms (van den Eijnden et al. 2008), short-term declines in subjective well-being (Kross et al. 2013), romantic jealousy (Muise et al. 2009), and the belief that others are happier and living better lives than one's self (Chou and Edge 2012). Other studies have indicated the opposite: that frequent technology use may be associated with positive adjustment, including increases in self-disclosure and friendship quality (Valkenburg and Peter 2009). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined specific technology-based behaviors (social comparison and interpersonal feedback-seeking) that may interact with offline individual characteristics to predict concurrent depressive symptoms among adolescents. A total of 619 students (57 % female; mean age 14.6) completed self-report questionnaires at 2 time points. Adolescents reported on levels of depressive symptoms at baseline, and 1 year later on depressive symptoms, frequency of technology use (cell phones, Facebook, and Instagram), excessive reassurance-seeking, and technology-based social comparison and feedback-seeking. Adolescents also completed sociometric nominations of popularity. Consistent with hypotheses, technology-based social comparison and feedback-seeking were associated with depressive symptoms. Popularity and gender served as moderators of this effect, such that the association was particularly strong among females and adolescents low in popularity. Associations were found above and beyond the effects of overall frequency of technology use, offline excessive reassurance-seeking, and prior depressive symptoms. Findings highlight the utility of examining the psychological implications of adolescents' technology use within the framework of existing interpersonal models of adolescent depression and suggest the importance of more nuanced approaches to the study of adolescents' media use.
    Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 04/2015; 43(8). DOI:10.1007/s10802-015-0020-0 · 3.09 Impact Factor
Show more