Health related quality of life measures by demographics and common health risks, Jordan 2004
ABSTRACT To measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Jordan.
A multi-stage sampling design was used to select households where an adult 18 years of age or older, selected at random, was interviewed. Four HRQOL questions, initially developed by the U.S. CDC, related to mental and physical health were included in the questionnaire and overall unhealthy days were calculated. HRQOL measures were compared to selected chronic conditions and risk factors.
Older adults (aged 65 and over), females, persons who were illiterate or with only primary education, and persons with monthly income less than $ 140 reported the highest percentage of fair or poor health and > or =14 overall unhealthy days compared to persons without these characteristics. A high percentage of persons with asthma (33 %), hypertension (37 %), high blood cholesterol (37 %), and diabetes (47 %) also reported fair and poor health.
Demographic characteristics, the presence of a chronic condition or a chronic disease risk factor are important determinants of mental and physical well-being in Jordan and should be taken into account when planning public health interventions or prevention and promotion programs.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the health-related quality of life and emotional status of anophthalmic patients. Prospective, cross-sectional study. The study included 134 monocular anophthalmic patients and 48 healthy volunteers who visited the department of Ophthalmology at the Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, between July and December 2008. Surveys were administered to participants to evaluate their sociodemographic characteristics and disease-related factors. Data collected from the Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale survey instruments were analyzed to identify significant differences and correlations between categories. Anophthalmic patients scored lower in all categories of SF-36 compared with controls. Married females and participants with children generally had lower scores on the SF-36, and some of the differences were statistically significant. There were significant negative correlations between all SF-36 scores and participant self-evaluations on whether they had negative feelings regarding their social interpersonal relationships as a result of wearing prostheses. Those who scored higher on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety and depression scales tended to evade social interrelations significantly. Anophthalmic patients had lower health-related quality-of-life scores than healthy individuals. This finding was particularly evident in terms of the patients' own perceptions of their social relationships, which were negatively affected by their use of prosthetic eyes. Such perceptions reduced their quality of life and heightened their anxiety and depression. Therefore, it is important to evaluate both the physical and emotional well-being of anophthalmic patients to identify those patients who will need additional physical and mental support.American Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2010; 149(6):1005-1011.e1. DOI:10.1016/j.ajo.2009.12.036 · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the development of the stressful life event (SLE) questionnaire and tests the validity and reliability of it. In total, 3,951 adults aged over 18 years completed the SLE questionnaire. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was used to further validate the SLE questionnaire. Eleven domains, including home life, financial problems, social relation, personal conflict, job conflict, educational concerns, job security, loss and separation, sexual life, daily life, and health concerns were obtained by factor analysis. Correlation coefficient was moderately significant among domains of the SLE questionnaire and moderately between the SLE questionnaire and GHQ-12 score, as well. The results of the discriminate validity analysis were promising. In addition, standardized Cronbach'-α was 92%. The resultant SLE questionnaire is, therefore, suggested to be potential for the stress measurement in both community and primary care setting.International Journal of Public Health 02/2011; 56(4):441-8. DOI:10.1007/s00038-011-0232-1 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of illness and death in Jordan. Since 2002, the Jordan Ministry of Health, in cooperation with the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, established the Jordan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey to collect information on many of the behaviors and conditions related to NCDs. The objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence of selected NCD risk factors and the relationship between body mass index and selected health conditions among a nationally representative sample of Jordanian adults aged 18 years or older. We used a multistage sampling design to select 3,688 households, from which we randomly selected and interviewed 1 adult aged 18 years or older. A total of 3,654 adults completed the survey. We randomly selected a subsample of 889 interviewed adults and invited them to visit local health clinics for a medical evaluation; we obtained measurements, including fasting blood glucose and blood lipids, from 765 adults. Data were collected between June 1, 2007, and August 23, 2007. Nearly one-third of participants smoked cigarettes, 18% reported having been diagnosed with high blood pressure, and 10% reported frequent mental distress. Compared with survey participants who did not participate in the medical evaluation, those who participated were more likely to self-report high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes and report lower levels of health-related quality of life. Among participants of the medical evaluation, an estimated 11% reported they had been diagnosed with diabetes by a health professional, and 19% were diagnosed with diabetes according to laboratory testing. Approximately one-third of participants of the medical evaluation were either overweight (30%) or obese (36%). In the fully adjusted model, obese participants of the medical evaluation were nearly 3 times as likely to have high blood pressure and more than 2 times as likely to have high blood cholesterol as normal-weight participants. Diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity are a public health concern in Jordan. Adequate and continuous monitoring of NCD risk factors in Jordan is needed, and the surveillance findings should be used in health promotion and disease prevention activities.Preventing chronic disease 01/2012; 9:E25. DOI:10.5888/pcd9.110077 · 1.96 Impact Factor