Mineralocorticoid modulation of cardiac ryanodine receptor activity is associated with downregulation of FK506-binding proteins.

INSERM, U637, Université Montpellier, France.
Circulation (Impact Factor: 15.2). 05/2009; 119(16):2179-87. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.805804
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The mineralocorticoid pathway is involved in cardiac arrhythmias associated with heart failure through mechanisms that are incompletely understood. Defective regulation of the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR) is an important cause of the initiation of arrhythmias. Here, we examined whether the aldosterone pathway might modulate RyR function.
Using the whole-cell patch clamp method, we observed an increase in the occurrence of delayed afterdepolarizations during action potential recordings in isolated adult rat ventricular myocytes exposed for 48 hours to aldosterone 100 nmol/L, in freshly isolated myocytes from transgenic mice with human mineralocorticoid receptor expression in the heart, and in wild-type littermates treated with aldosterone. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) load and RyR expression were not altered; however, RyR activity, visualized in situ by confocal microscopy, was increased in all cells, as evidenced by an increased occurrence and redistribution to long-lasting and broader populations of spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks. These changes were associated with downregulation of FK506-binding proteins (FKBP12 and 12.6), regulatory proteins of the RyR macromolecular complex.
We suggest that in addition to modulation of Ca(2+) influx, overstimulation of the cardiac mineralocorticoid pathway in the heart might be a major upstream factor for aberrant Ca(2+) release during diastole, which contributes to cardiac arrhythmia in heart failure.

0 0
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Considered for years as a 'renal hormone' leading to the control of renal excretion of minerals (explaining the term 'mineralocorticoid' used to describe this hormone), aldosterone is now recognized as a key factor in several diseases including hypertension, heart failure, arrhythmia, metabolic and kidney diseases, to cite only a few of them. Areas covered: In this review article, the authors aim to cover information provided by patents of the years 2007 through 2012. The rationale of writing this article is to cover the most important patents that can progress the field with new important discoveries. Expert opinion: The recognition of its proinflammatory and fibrogenic effects and the discovery of extrarenal sites of expression of its receptor (the mineralocorticoid receptor or MR) support a broader implication in diseases of MR activation than previously anticipated and the possible novel therapeutic indications of MR antagonists.
    Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents 11/2013; · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the Jurkat T cell line expresses cytotoxicity when treated with different concentrations of FK506, and analyzed the expression pattern of microRNA when stimulated by FK506 using the microRNAs microarray, as well as the expression pattern of a gene that is related to the differentiation, activation and proliferation of T cells after being affected by the change of microRNAs. To investigate the effects of FK506 on microRNA expression, we purified total RNA of Jurkat cells treated with 20 µM FK506 for 72 hours and used to analyze microRNA profiling by using Agilent's chip. These results demonstrated that treatment with FK506 markedly induced the down-regulation of 20 microRNAs as well as the up-regulation of 20 microRNAs in a time-dependent manner. The genes that down-regulated by FK506 include let-7a(*), miR-20a(*), and miR-487a. Otherwise miR-202, miR-485-5p, and miR-518c(*) are gradually up-regulated in expression. Sanger Institute and DAVIDs bioinformatics indicated that microRNAs regulated the several transcriptomes including nuclear factor of activated T cell-related, T cell receptor/interleukin-2 signaling, and Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent phosphatase calcineurin pathways. As a result of treating FK506 to a Jurkat cell line and running the microRNA microarray, it was found that FK506 not only took part in the suppression of T cell proliferation/activation by inhibiting calcineurin in Jurkat apoptosis, but also affected the microRNAs that are involved in the regulation of various signal transduction pathways.
    Journal of the Korean Surgical Society 10/2013; 85(4):161-168. · 0.21 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been recognized for some time that the Ca(2+)-dependent slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) is larger in hippocampal neurons of aged compared with young animals. In addition, extensive studies since have shown that other Ca(2+)-mediated electrophysiological responses are increased in hippocampus with aging, including Ca(2+) transients, L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel activity, Ca(2+) spike duration and action potential accommodation. Elevated Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release from ryanodine receptors (RyRs) appears to drive amplification of the Ca(2+) responses. Components of this Ca(2+) dysregulation phenotype correlate with deficits in cognitive function and plasticity, indicating they may play critical roles in aging-related impairment of brain function. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying aging-related Ca(2+) dysregulation are not well understood. FK506-binding proteins 1a and 1b (FKBP1a/1b, also known as FKBP12/12.6) are immunophilin proteins that bind the immunosuppressant drugs FK506 and rapamycin. In muscle cells, FKBP1a/1b also bind RyRs and inhibits Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release, but it is not clear whether FKBPs act similarly in brain cells. Recently, we found that selectively disrupting hippocampal FKBP1b function in young rats, either by microinjecting adeno-associated viral vectors containing siRNA, or by treatment with rapamycin, increases the sAHP and recapitulates much of the hippocampal Ca(2+) dysregulation phenotype. Moreover, in microarray studies, we found FKBP1b gene expression was downregulated in hippocampus of aging rats and early-stage Alzheimer's disease subjects. These results suggest the novel hypothesis that declining FKBP function is a key factor in aging-related Ca(2+) dysregulation in the brain and point to potential new therapeutic targets for counteracting unhealthy brain aging.
    European journal of pharmacology 11/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor