Article

HLA-B27 misfolding and spondyloarthropathies.

Division of Rheumatology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Prion (Impact Factor: 2.13). 02/2009; 3(1):15-26. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0298-6_16
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT HLA-B27 plays a central role in the pathogenesis of many spondyloarthropathies and in particular ankylosing spondylitis. The observation that the HLA-B27 heavy chain has a tendency to misfold has raised the possibility that associated diseases may belong in a rapidly expanding category of protein misfolding disorders. The synthesis of the HLA-B27 heavy chain, assembly with beta(2)m and the loading of peptide cargo, occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) before transport to the cell surface. The evidence indicates that misfolding occurs in the ER prior to beta(2)m association and peptide optimization and is manifested in the formation of aberrant inter- and intra-chain disulfide bonds and accumulation of heavy chain bound to the chaperone BiP. Enhanced accumulation of misfolded heavy chains during the induction of class I expression by cytokines, can cause ER stress resulting in activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Effects of UPR activation on cytokine production are beginning to emerge and may provide important missing links between HLA-B27 misfolding and spondyloarthritis. In this chapter we will review what has been learned about HLA-B27 misfolding in human cells and in the transgenic rat model of spondyloarthritis-like disease, considering it in the context of other protein misfolding disorders. These studies provide a framework to support much needed translational work assessing HLA-B27 misfolding and UPR activation in patient-derived material, its consequences for disease pathogenesis and ultimately how and where to focus intervention strategies.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
122 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are numerous studies showing the role of human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) related with susceptibility or resistance to certain diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the association of HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), polyarthralgia, lumboishialgia, acute anterior uveitis (AAU), psoriatic arthritis (PA), synovitis coxae and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients from Vojvodina, Serbia. An HLA I class typing was performed by the serological immunomagnetic two-color fluorescence method using peripheral blood T lymphocytes in 97 patients and 224 healthy controls from the population of Vojvodina, Serbia. We calculated HLA-B27 frequencies, relative risk (RR), ethiologic fraction (EF), e.g., population attributive risk, when RR was greater than 1, while, preventive fraction (PF) was calculated when RR was lower than 1. This study revealed the strongest association of AS with HLAB27 antigen: RR = 25.0, while the EF was greater than 0.15, respectively. The χ(2) test showed the significant difference (p <0.05) in HLA-B27 in patients with AS in comparison to controls (χ(2) = 52.5). It was concluded that there is a positive association of HLA-B27 with AS and that HLA-B27 can serve as a marker for predisposition to diseases.
    Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 12/2012; 15(2):55-60. · 0.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human leucocyte antigen HLA-B27 is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis, a form of seronegative inflammatory arthritis. In this study aspects related to several hypothesized mechanisms of disease pathogenesis have been investigated. Blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) from a small patient cohort of 29 patients with ankylosing spondylitis and one with reactive arthritis, were compared with DC from 34 healthy control subjects, of whom four were found to be HLA-B27 positive. The ability of HLA-B27 to form heavy-chain dimers reactive with monoclonal antibody HC10 was tested, along with the induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, assessed by splicing xbp1 mRNA and immunoblotting of Immunoglobulin Binding Protein (BiP). Additionally, the protein expression levels of the ER resident aminopeptidase gene ERAP1 in patients with ankylosing spondylitis was also determined, following its recent identification as a novel disease-associated gene. No significant difference was noted in the global levels of HC10-reactive MHC class I dimers formed in either the patient or control DC populations. Stress on the ER, as determined by xbp1 mRNA splicing, was not detected but lower levels of BiP were observed in the DC from patients. Of further potential interest, in this patient cohort the expression of ERAP1 appeared to be higher in a number of patient DC samples when compared with controls, suggesting over-expression of ERAP1 as a mechanism promoting ankylosing spondylitic pathogenesis.
    Immunology 07/2011; 133(3):379-85. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a potentially disabling form of seronegative spondyloarthritis. The main symptom of AS is inflammatory spinal pain; with time, some patients develop ankylosis and spinal immobility. The pathology mainly affects the entheses, where ligaments, tendons and capsules are attached to the bone. Three processes are observed at the entheses: inflammation, bone erosion and syndesmophyte (spur) formation. Tumor necrosis factor is an important mediator of the inflammatory processes, but this proinflammatory cytokine is not closely involved in bone erosion or syndesmophyte formation. The major causative factors of AS are genetic, with the gene encoding HLA-B27 being the most important genetic factor. Several other susceptibility genes have also been identified. An enormous number of papers have been published and many diverse hypotheses have been generated regarding the pathogenesis of AS. This Review outlines the key areas of current research in this field, describes several hypotheses regarding the pathogenesis of AS, which are under intense investigation, and concludes with a dissection of the processes involved in bone erosion and syndesmophyte formation.
    Nature Reviews Rheumatology 07/2010; 6(7):399-405. · 9.75 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
4 Downloads
Available from