Article

Leadership styles of nursing home administrators and their association with staff turnover.

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Kean University, Union, NJ 07083-0411, USA.
The Gerontologist (Impact Factor: 2.48). 05/2009; 49(2):166-74. DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnp021
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between nursing home administrator (NHA) leadership style and staff turnover.
We analyzed primary data from a survey of 2,900 NHAs conducted in 2005. The Online Survey Certification and Reporting database and the Area Resource File were utilized to extract organizational and local economic characteristics of the facilities. A general linear model (GLM) was used to estimate the effects of NHA leadership style, organizational characteristics, and local economic characteristics on nursing home staff turnover for registered nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), and nurse's aides (NAs).
The complete model estimates indicate that NHAs who are consensus managers (leaders who solicit, and act upon, the most input from their staff) are associated with the lowest turnover levels, 7% for RNs, 3% for LPNs, and 44% for NAs. Shareholder managers (leaders who neither solicit input when making a decision nor provide their staffs with relevant information for making decisions on their own) are associated with the highest turnover levels, 32% for RNs, 56% for LPNs, and 168% for NAs.
The findings indicate that NHA leadership style is associated with staff turnover, even when the effects of organizational and local economic conditions are held constant. Because leadership strategies are amenable to change, the findings of this study may be used to develop policies for lowering staff turnover.

1 Bookmark
 · 
149 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Employee turnover is a large and expensive problem in the long-term care environment. Stated intention to leave is a reliable indicator of likely turnover, but actual predictors, especially for nursing assistants, have been incompletely investigated. This quantitative study identifies the relationships among employees' working conditions, mental health, and intention to leave. Self-administered questionnaires were collected with 1,589 employees in 18 for-profit nursing homes. A working condition index for the number of beneficial job features was constructed. Poisson regression modeling found that employees who reported four positive features were 77% less likely to state strong intention to leave (PR = 0.23, p < .001). The strength of relationship between working conditions and intention to leave was slightly mediated by employee mental health. Effective workplace intervention programs must address work organization features to reduce employee intention to leave. Healthy workplaces should build better interpersonal relationships, show respect for employee work, and involve employees in decision-making processes.
    Journal of applied gerontology : the official journal of the Southern Gerontological Society. 02/2014; 33(1):6-23.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this systematic review of diverse evidence was to examine the relationship between health system governance and workforce outcomes. Particular attention was paid to how governance mechanisms facilitate change in the workforce to ensure the effective use of all health providers.
    BMC Health Services Research 10/2014; 14(1):479. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AimTo investigate reasons for actual turnover among eldercare staff and to investigate changes in job design that could prevent turnover.Background Many Western countries have difficulties in recruiting healthcare staff to provide care for an ageing population. Knowledge on the causes of turnover among healthcare staff is therefore important.Method In a prospective cohort study (n = 7025) baseline characteristics were compared for employees who respectively quit, retired and worked in eldercare at follow-up. Additionally, a survey was conducted among those employees who left their jobs during follow-up.ResultsEmployees who quit their jobs (n = 461) primarily stated that psychosocial work conditions caused them to quit, whereas retirees (n = 265) primarily stated reasons related to health and physical job demands. Improvements in the time available for the contact with the elderly, increased skill discretion and improved social relations could prompt employees to reconsider quitting or retiring.Conclusion Work in eldercare has some ‘core’ aspects that appear desirable to employees who quit or retired. Building on those aspects offers a strategy for enhanced recruitment potential.Impact for nursing managementTo reduce turnover managers should improve psychosocial work conditions in eldercare and ensure that physical demands do not exceed the capacities of employees.
    Journal of Nursing Management 07/2014; 22(5). · 1.14 Impact Factor