Long form collapsin response mediator protein-1 (LCRMP-1) expression is associated with clinical outcome and lymph node metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer patients.
ABSTRACT Collapsin response mediator protein (CRMP) family proteins are cytosolic phosphoproteins involved in semaphorin 3A-mediated neuronal cell growth cone collapse and cancer invasion. We identified a novel human isoform of CRMP family proteins named long form CRMP-1 (LCRMP-1), which was different from the known invasion suppressor, CRMP-1, in its molecular weight and the N-terminal exon-1. This study was aimed to elucidate the clinical significance of LCRMP-1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Full-length human LCRMP-1 was cloned from lung adenocarcinoma based on the Expressed Sequence Tags (EST) database. We generated LCRMP-1 specific antibody and subsequent in vitro and in vivo invasion assays showed positive correlations between LCRMP-1 expression and lung cancer cell invasiveness. We further demonstrated that high LCRMP-1 mRNA expressions were associated with poor overall and disease-free survivals (P=0.004 and 0.006, respectively, log-rank test) in 72 NSCLC patients. The results were confirmed in an independent cohort of 54 NSCLC patients by immunohistochemistry (P=0.032, log-rank test). The metastatic lymph nodes showed higher LCRMP-1 expressions as compared with the paired primary lung tumors (P=0.012, McNemar's test). In conclusion, LCRMP-1 was a cancer invasion enhancer that could be a novel prognostic biomarker in NSCLC.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy with one of the worst mortality rates of all cancers. Recently, collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMPs) were reported to be associated with proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation, and invasion in several cancers. However, CRMP expression and their role in pancreatic cancer have not been investigated. This study aimed to clarify the clinical significance of CRMPs in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Expression of crmp genes in 11 pairs of pancreatic cancer and corresponding noncancerous pancreas tissues were examined by real-time RT-PCR. Knockdown of CRMP4 expression using siRNA was examined in pancreatic cancer cell lines to determine whether CRMP4 regulates cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Furthermore, CRMP4 protein levels in primary tumors of pancreatic cancer (n = 53) were examined by immunohistochemistry and compared with the clinicopathological features of the tumors. RESULTS: Of all the CRMPs, only CRMP4 was differentially expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues (p = 0.008). CRMP4 knockdown using siRNA reduced cellular invasion, but did not affect proliferation. The expression of CRMP4 was detected immunohistochemically in 34 (64.2 %) of the 53 pancreatic cancer samples, and CRMP4 expression was correlated with severe venous invasion (p = 0.044), stage (p = 0.019), and liver metastasis (p = 0.021). Multivariate analyses suggested that venous invasion and CRMP4 overexpression were prognostic factors for survival. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that CRMP4 is significantly associated with poor prognosis by promoting liver metastasis and can serve as a novel therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dihydropyrimidinase-like proteins (DPYSLs) are a family of proteins developmentally regulated during maturation of the nervous system. Recently, members of DPYSL family have been reported to be involved in cancer with low expression of DPYSL1 correlating with poor clinical outcomes in non-small cell lung cancer and functioning as a metastasis suppressor. Neuroblastoma (NB) is a tumor derived from precursor cells of the sympathetic nervous system and is the most common solid tumor in childhood. So far the biological functions of DPYSLs in NB remain elusive. Studying the potential roles of DPYSLs in NB may give us new insights into NB tumorigenesis. In the present study, using antibodies specific to different members of the DPYSL family, DPYSL1, DPYSL2 and DPYSL3, we investigated regulation of their expression and their subcellular distribution during RA-induced differentiation in NB cells. The correlation between DPYSLs and MYCN, a biomarker for poor prognosis of NB, was evaluated. We found that DPYSL3 levels increased during RA-induced cell differentiation. Down-regulation of MYCN by small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased DPYSL3 levels, while up-regulation of MYCN in non-MYCN NB cells decreased DPYSL3 levels. DPYSL1 and DPYSL2 expression didn't change during RA treatment or under different expression levels of MYCN. Moreover, high level of DPYSL3 mRNA, but not that of DPYSL1 or DPYSL2 mRNA, was detected in tumors from advanced-stage NB that have a better survival. These data indicated that DPYSL3, not DPYSL1 or DPYSL2, is negatively regulated by MYCN and maybe used as a potential biomarker for NB. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Cancer Science 09/2013; · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP-2) is the first described and most studied member of a family of proteins that mediate the addition of tubulin dimers to the growing microtubule. CRMPs have mainly been studied in the nervous system, but recently, they have been described in other tissues where they participate in vesicle transport, migration and mitosis. In this work, we aimed at studying the role of CRMP-2 in lung cancer cell division. We first explored the expression of CRMP-2 and phosphorylated (Thr 514) CRMP-2 in 91 samples obtained from patients with localized nonsmall cell lung cancer. We observed a significant correlation between high levels of nuclear phosphorylated CRMP-2 and poor prognosis in those patients. Interestingly, this association was only positive for untreated patients. To provide a mechanistic explanation to these findings, we used in vitro models to analyze the role of CRMP-2 and its phosphorylated forms in cell division. Thus, we observed by confocal microscopy and immunoprecipitation assays that CRMP-2 differentially colocalizes with the mitotic spindle during cell division. The use of phosphodefective or phosphomimetic mutants of CRMP-2 allowed us to prove that anomalies in the phosphorylation status of CRMP-2 result in changes in the mitotic tempo, and increments in the number of multinucleated cells. Finally, here we demonstrate that CRMP-2 phosphorylation impairment, or silencing induces p53 expression and promotes apoptosis through caspase 3 activation. These results pointed to CRMP-2 phosphorylation as a prognostic marker and potential new target to be explored in cancer therapy.International Journal of Cancer 10/2012; 132(9). · 6.20 Impact Factor