Effects of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) single nucleotide polymorphisms on the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients

Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.
Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) (Impact Factor: 3.74). 05/2009; 67(1):101-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2009.03.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is the lead enzyme in the nucleotide excision repair process. Two polymorphisms of ERCC1, T19007C (rs11615) and C8092A (rs3212986), have been reported to affect both the carcinogenesis and the survival of the patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, but the mechanism by which these polymorphisms influence the survival is unclear. In this study, we determined the function of these ERCC1 polymorphisms in the survival of NSCLC patients.
The ERCC1 T19007C and C8092A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were evaluated in 122 Japanese non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent a complete resection and analyzed the clinicopathological significance of these SNPs. None of the patients received peri-operative platinum-based chemotherapy. The relationship between these SNPs and ERCC1 protein expression and the platinum sensitivity of the primary tumors were also examined.
Regarding T19007C SNP, the distribution of the CC, CT, and TT genotypes was 45%, 48% and 7%, respectively. As for C8092A SNP, the distribution of CC and CA genotypes was 70% and 30%, respectively. The patients with C8092A CA genotype were significantly poorer disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with the CC genotype (p=0.037 and 0.004). In addition, no relationship was observed between T19007C SNP and DFS or OS. These two SNPs also did not correlate with either ERCC1 protein expression or platinum sensitivity.
The ERCC1 C8092A polymorphism may influence the NSCLC prognosis regardless of the ERCC1 protein expression and platinum sensitivity.

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