Effects of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) single nucleotide polymorphisms on the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer patients.
ABSTRACT Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is the lead enzyme in the nucleotide excision repair process. Two polymorphisms of ERCC1, T19007C (rs11615) and C8092A (rs3212986), have been reported to affect both the carcinogenesis and the survival of the patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, but the mechanism by which these polymorphisms influence the survival is unclear. In this study, we determined the function of these ERCC1 polymorphisms in the survival of NSCLC patients.
The ERCC1 T19007C and C8092A single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were evaluated in 122 Japanese non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent a complete resection and analyzed the clinicopathological significance of these SNPs. None of the patients received peri-operative platinum-based chemotherapy. The relationship between these SNPs and ERCC1 protein expression and the platinum sensitivity of the primary tumors were also examined.
Regarding T19007C SNP, the distribution of the CC, CT, and TT genotypes was 45%, 48% and 7%, respectively. As for C8092A SNP, the distribution of CC and CA genotypes was 70% and 30%, respectively. The patients with C8092A CA genotype were significantly poorer disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with the CC genotype (p=0.037 and 0.004). In addition, no relationship was observed between T19007C SNP and DFS or OS. These two SNPs also did not correlate with either ERCC1 protein expression or platinum sensitivity.
The ERCC1 C8092A polymorphism may influence the NSCLC prognosis regardless of the ERCC1 protein expression and platinum sensitivity.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is a key DNA repair gene in the nucleotide excision repair pathway which is activated in the repair of intra- and interstrand DNA crosslink caused by platinum-based treatment. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ERCC1 gene, codon 118 C/T and C8092A, have been reported to be functional, but the influence on platinum resistance and survival is not yet clear. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether the two SNPs were associated with resistance to standard combination carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy and the potential prognostic impact in newly diagnosed ovarian cancer patients. Methods: Serum samples from 202 patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer were assessed for ERCC1 SNP genotyping using real time PCR. All patients were treated with first line carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy. Results: There were no correlation between the ERCC1 118 C/T and C8092A genotypes and platinum resistance (P = 0.79 and P = 0.36, respectively). Furthermore, the results showed no association to progression free survival (P = 0.18 and P = 0.16, respectively) or overall survival (P = 0.89 and P = 0.78, respectively) for the two SNPs. Conclusions: The ERCC1 118 C/T and C8092A polymorphisms did not have significant influence on clinical outcome defined as platinum resistance, PFS and OS.Journal of Cancer Therapy. 01/2011; 2(2).
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in apoptosis-related genes and survival outcomes of patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Three hundred ten consecutive patients with surgically resected NSCLC were enrolled. Twenty-five SNPs in 17 apoptosis-related genes were genotyped by a sequenome mass spectrometry-based genotyping assay. The genotype associations with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were analyzed. Three SNPs (TNFRSF10B rs1047266, TNFRSF1A rs4149570, and PPP1R13L rs1005165) were significantly associated with survival outcomes on multivariate analysis. When the three SNPs were combined, OS and DFS were decreased as the number of bad genotypes increased (P (trend) for OS and DFS = 7 × 10(-5) and 1 × 10(-4), respectively). Patients with one bad genotype, and patients with two or three bad genotypes had significantly worse OS and DFS compared with those with no bad genotypes [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) for OS = 2.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.22-4.21, P = 0.01, aHR for DFS = 1.74, 95% CI = 1.08-2.81, P = 0.02; aHR for OS = 4.11, 95% CI = 2.03-8.29, P = 8 × 10(-5); and aHR for DFS = 2.89, 95% CI = 1.64-5.11, P = 3 × 10(-4), respectively]. Three SNPs in apoptosis-related genes were identified as possible prognostic markers of survival in patients with early-stage NSCLC. The SNPs, and particularly their combined genotypes, can be used to identify patients at high risk for poor disease outcome.Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2010; 17(10):2608-18. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: We evaluated whether DNA repair gene polymorphisms had an effect on clinical outcomes in metastatic/recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 101 patients with metastatic/recurrent NPC between 2004 and 2011 were reviewed. Five potentially functional polymorphisms (ERCC1 Asn118Asn, ERCC1 C8092A, XPD Lys751Gln, XRCC1 Arg399Gln and XRCC1 Arg280His) were genotyped using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The ERCC1 C8092A polymorphism was an independent predictor of PFS in Chinese NPC patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Compared to the patients carrying the C/C genotype, the patients with the C/A or A/A genotype had an increased risk of disease progression on cisplatin-based chemotherapy (7.9 vs. 9.3 months; HR 1.61; 95 % CI 1.08-2.61; p = 0.047). However, no association between the other polymorphisms, response rate, disease progression and survival was detected in metastatic/recurrent NPC patients. CONCLUSION: The ERCC1 C8092A polymorphism might be a useful predictive marker in metastatic/recurrent NPC patients treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. However, a large-scale prospective study is warranted to validate our findings.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 05/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor