Antiparasitic activity of prenylated benzoic acid derivatives from Piper species.
ABSTRACT Fractionation of dichloromethane extracts from the leaves of Piper heterophyllum and P. aduncum afforded three prenylated hydroxybenzoic acids, 3-[(2E,6E,10E)-11-carboxy-3,7,15-trimethyl-2,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenyl)-4,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3-[(2E,6E,10E)-11-carboxy-13-hydroxy-3,7,15-trimethyl-2,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenyl]-4,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid and 3-[(2E,6E,10E)-11-carboxy-14-hydroxy-3,7,15-trimethyl-2,6,10,15-hexadecatetraenyl]-4,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, along with the known compounds, 4,5-dihydroxy-3-(E,E,E-11-formyl-3,7,15-trimethyl-hexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraenyl)benzoic acid (arieianal), 3,4-dihydroxy-5-(E,E,E-3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraenyl)benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-(E,E,E-3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraenyl)benzoic acid, 3-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-4-methoxy-benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)benzoic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methyl-1-oxo-2-butenyl)-5-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)benzoic acid. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data, including homo- and heteronuclear correlation NMR experiments (COSY, HSQC and HMBC) and comparison with data reported in the literature. Riguera ester reactions and optical rotation measurements established the compounds as racemates. The antiparasitic activity of the compounds were tested against three strains of Leishmania spp., Trypanosoma cruzi and Plasmodium falciparum. The results showed that 3-(3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl)-4-methoxy-benzoic acid exhibited potent and selective activity against L. braziliensis (IC(50) 6.5 microg/ml), higher that pentamidine used as control. Moreover, 3-[(2E,6E,10E)-11-carboxy-3,7,15-trimethyl- 2,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenyl)-4,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid and 4-hydroxy-3-(3-methyl-1-oxo-2-butenyl)-5-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)benzoic acid showed moderate antiplasmodial (IC(50) 3.2 microg/ml) and trypanocidal (16.5 microg/ml) activities, respectively.
- SourceAvailable from: Marcia Dalastra Laurenti[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bioactivity-guided fractionation of EtOH extract from leaves of Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae) afforded a new dihydrochalcone, named adunchalcone. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of their spectroscopic data, primarily NMR and MS. Adunchalcone was evaluated against promastigote forms of Leishmania (L.) amazonensis, L. (V.) braziliensis, L. (V.) shawi, and L. (L.) chagasi and displayed 50% effective concentrations (EC50) of 11.03, 26.70, and 11.26μM, as well as selective indexes of 4.86, 2.01, 4.76 and 0.50, respectively. This compound was also tested against intracellular forms of L. (L.) amazonensis, displaying weak activity, in comparison to reference drug amphotericin B. However, despite reduced effect of adunchalcone against amastigotes of L. (L.) amazonensis, this work opens perspective to use this particular molecule as scaffold for the design of novel and selective drug candidates for neglected diseases, mainly leishmaniasis.Fitoterapia 05/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The genus Piper is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. It has many ethnopharmacological uses, such as an antifungal and antiparasitic, but its toxicity has not yet been fully elucidated. In a fixed dose assay 2 g/kg (p.o.), the ethanol extract of aerial parts (stems and leaves) of Piper aduncum was administered and no signs of toxicity were detected, either during the behavioral observations or in the autopsies, which indicates a reasonable lack of toxicity for the extract. In the comet assay, no significant difference was found between the extract of P. aduncum and negative control. In assessing mutagenicity by the micronucleus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae test, there was no statistically significant difference between the extract and the negative control. From the results obtained, it appears that crude ethanol extract of P. aduncum does not damage DNA and was considered to have low acute toxicity.Journal of medicinal plant research 09/2011; · 0.59 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: RESUMO: "Atividade antileishmania do 3,4,5-trimetoxi-dihidrocinâmico purificado das frutas de Piper tuberculatum Jacq., Piperaceae, amazônica". A atividade leishmanicida do ácido 3,4,5-trimetoxi-dihidrocinâmico (TMPP) isolado do extrato hidroalcoólico de frutos de Piper turbeculatum Jacq. amazônica foi testado em ensaios in vitro utilizando formas promastigotas de Leishmania amazonensis. O TMPP foi utilizado em culturas de L. amazonensis nas concentrações de 1600 a 6,25 µg/mL. A viabilidade celular das formas promastigotas foi observada em 24, 48, 72 e 96 h para cálculo da CI50. O TMPP apresentou efeito leishmanicida dose dependente para as formas promastigotas de L. amazonensis apresentando CI50 de 145 µg/mL. Unitermos: Piper tuberculatum Jacq., Piperaceae, ácido 3,4,5-trimetoxi-dihidrocinâmico, Leishmania amazonensis, atividade leishmanicida. ABSTRACT: Leishmanicidal activity of the 3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) propanoic acid (TMPP) isolated from EtOH extracts of the Amazonian Piper turbeculatum Jacq. fruits was evaluated in vitro using Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes. The TMPP was assayed at concentrations of 1600 to 6.25 µg/mL for 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. Promastigotes viability was analyzed and the IC50 of TMPP was 145 µg/mL.Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 01/2010; 20:1003-1006. · 0.68 Impact Factor