Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 8-(pyrid-3-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazines: potent, orally bioavailable corticotropin releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF1) antagonists.
ABSTRACT This report describes the syntheses and structure-activity relationships of 8-(substituted pyridyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazine corticotropin releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonists. These CRF(1) receptor antagonists may be potential anxiolytic or antidepressant drugs. This research resulted in the discovery of compound 13-15, which is a potent, selective CRF(1) antagonist (hCRF(1) IC(50) = 6.1 +/- 0.6 nM) with weak affinity for the CRF-binding protein and biogenic amine receptors. This compound also has a good pharmacokinetic profile in dogs. Analogue 13-15 is orally effective in two rat models of anxiety: the defensive withdrawal (situational anxiety) model and the elevated plus maze test. Analogue 13-15 has been advanced to clinical trials.
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ABSTRACT: Chirality is a key factor in the safety and efficacy of many drug products and thus the production of single enantiomers of drug intermediates and drugs has become increasingly important in the pharmaceutical industry. There has been an increasing awareness of the enormous potential of microorganisms and enzymes derived there from for the transformation of synthetic chemicals with high chemo-, regio- and enatioselectivities. In this article, biocatalytic processes are described for the synthesis of chiral alcohols and unntural aminoacids for pharmaceuticals.Biomolecules. 01/2013; 3(4):741-77.
- Value in Health 01/2008; 11(6). · 2.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract 1. The pharmacokinetic properties and metabolism of NVS-CRF38 [7-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-3-(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)-2,6-dimethylpyrazolo[5,1-b]oxazole], a novel corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRF1) antagonist, were determined in vitro and in animals. 2. NVS-CRF38 undergoes near complete absorption in rats and dogs. In both species the compound has low hepatic extraction and is extensively distributed to tissues. 3. In rat and human hepatic microsomes and cryopreserved hepatocytes from rat, dog, monkey and human, NVS-CRF38 was metabolised to form O-desmethyl NVS-CRF38 (M7) and several oxygen adducts (M1, M3, M4, M5 and M6). In hepatocytes further metabolites were observed, specifically the carboxylic acid (M2) and conjugates (sulphate and glucuronide) of M7. 4. Formation of primary metabolites in hepatocytes was blocked by the cytochrome P450 enzyme (P450) suicide inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole, implicating P450 enzymes in the primary metabolism of this compound. 5. NVS-CRF38 is weakly bound to plasma proteins from rat (fub = 0.19), dog (fub = 0.25), monkey (fub = 0.20) and humans (fub = 0.23). Blood-to-plasma partition for NVS-CRF38 approaches unity in rat and human blood. 6. The hepatic clearance of NVS-CRF38 in humans is predicted to be low (extraction ratio ∼ 0.2) based on scaling from drug depletion profiles in hepatic microsomes.Xenobiotica 04/2014; · 1.98 Impact Factor