Article

Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 8-(pyrid-3-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazines: potent, orally bioavailable corticotropin releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF1) antagonists.

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co., 311 Pennington-Rocky Hill Road, Hopewell, New Jersey 08540, USA.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.61). 05/2009; 52(9):3084-92. DOI: 10.1021/jm900025h
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This report describes the syntheses and structure-activity relationships of 8-(substituted pyridyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]-1,3,5-triazine corticotropin releasing factor receptor-1 (CRF(1)) receptor antagonists. These CRF(1) receptor antagonists may be potential anxiolytic or antidepressant drugs. This research resulted in the discovery of compound 13-15, which is a potent, selective CRF(1) antagonist (hCRF(1) IC(50) = 6.1 +/- 0.6 nM) with weak affinity for the CRF-binding protein and biogenic amine receptors. This compound also has a good pharmacokinetic profile in dogs. Analogue 13-15 is orally effective in two rat models of anxiety: the defensive withdrawal (situational anxiety) model and the elevated plus maze test. Analogue 13-15 has been advanced to clinical trials.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
87 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The direct route: A Rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation method for the efficient synthesis of a broad range of chiral allylic amines and aliphatic amines from readily available materials was developed. A chiral Z-allylic amine was obtained for the first time through a Rhodium-DuanPhos-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation. TMS=Trimethylsilyl, cod=cyclooctadiene, TON=turnover number.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 07/2013; · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Automated sample extraction for regulated bioanalysis by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) still presents significant challenges. A new sample preparation methodology with a simplified and completely automated workflow was developed to overcome these challenges using cap piercing for direct biofluid transfer and evaporation-free solid phase extraction (SPE). Using pierceable cap sample tubes, a robotic liquid handler was able to sample without uncapping or recapping during sample preparation. Evaporation for SPE was eliminated by using a mobile phase-compatible elution solvent followed by sample dilution prior to LC-MS/MS analysis. Presented here are three LC-MS/MS assays validated using this methodology to support three CNS drug development programs: (1) BMS-763534 and its metabolite, BMS-790318, in dog plasma; (2) BMS-694153 in monkey plasma; and (3) Pexacerfont (BMS-562086) and two metabolites, BMS-749241 and DPH-123554, in human plasma. These assays were linear from 1.00 to 1000 or 2.00 to 2000ng/mL for each analyte with excellent assay accuracy, precision and reproducibility. These assays met acceptance criteria for regulated bioanalysis and have been successfully applied to drug development study samples. The methodology described here successfully eliminated all manual intervention steps achieving fully automated sample preparation without compromising assay performance. Importantly, this methodology eliminates the potential exposure of the bioanalyst to any infectious biofluids during sample preparation.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 03/2013; 921-922:64-74. · 2.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract 1. The pharmacokinetic properties and metabolism of NVS-CRF38 [7-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-3-(4-methoxy-2-methylphenyl)-2,6-dimethylpyrazolo[5,1-b]oxazole], a novel corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRF1) antagonist, were determined in vitro and in animals. 2. NVS-CRF38 undergoes near complete absorption in rats and dogs. In both species the compound has low hepatic extraction and is extensively distributed to tissues. 3. In rat and human hepatic microsomes and cryopreserved hepatocytes from rat, dog, monkey and human, NVS-CRF38 was metabolised to form O-desmethyl NVS-CRF38 (M7) and several oxygen adducts (M1, M3, M4, M5 and M6). In hepatocytes further metabolites were observed, specifically the carboxylic acid (M2) and conjugates (sulphate and glucuronide) of M7. 4. Formation of primary metabolites in hepatocytes was blocked by the cytochrome P450 enzyme (P450) suicide inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole, implicating P450 enzymes in the primary metabolism of this compound. 5. NVS-CRF38 is weakly bound to plasma proteins from rat (fub = 0.19), dog (fub = 0.25), monkey (fub = 0.20) and humans (fub = 0.23). Blood-to-plasma partition for NVS-CRF38 approaches unity in rat and human blood. 6. The hepatic clearance of NVS-CRF38 in humans is predicted to be low (extraction ratio ∼ 0.2) based on scaling from drug depletion profiles in hepatic microsomes.
    Xenobiotica 04/2014; · 1.98 Impact Factor