Observed sex differences in fast-food consumption and nutrition self-assessments and beliefs of college students

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583-0806, USA.
Nutrition research (Impact Factor: 2.47). 04/2009; 29(3):173-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.nutres.2009.02.004
Source: PubMed


Americans frequently eat fast foods, but do college students? The objective was to determine the influence of sex on fast-food consumption and nutrition self-assessments and beliefs of a group of college students. The hypothesis was that some sex differences would be observed. Volunteers, 101 men and 158 women, 19 to 24 years of age, enrolled at a Midwestern university served as subjects. The subjects completed a 12-item written questionnaire. Five and seven percent of the students typically ate lunch and dinner, respectively, at a fast-food restaurant. The predominant reasons given for eating at fast-food restaurants were "limited time," "enjoy taste," "eat with family/friends," and "inexpensive and economical." A larger (P = .0592) percentage of men than women reported eating at fast-food restaurants because they thought these restaurants were "inexpensive and economical." Most of the subjects reported eating at fast-food restaurants 1 to 3 times weekly. The frequency of eating at fast-food restaurants was significantly different for men than for women (P < .01) as was the response distribution for considering the energy content of items on a fast-food menu when making their selections (P < .0001). Body mass indices of men were significantly higher (P < .0001) than those of women. A significantly higher (P < .0001) percentage of women than men strongly agreed with the statement that "the nutrition content of food is important to me." Several sex differences were observed in the fast-food consumption and nutrition beliefs of these college students.

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    • "This leads to diseases like diabetes, obesity, cardiac problems, clogged arteries, reduced bone strength, acidity, liver failure and many other health related problems [4]. Fast food affects the concentration levels in studies and other activities too, it is like a pharmaceutical compound that affects the brain, Diet, exercise and sleep have the potential to alter our brain health and mental function [5]. A balanced diet and regular exercise can protect the brain and ward off mental disorders, In addition to helping protect us from heart disease and cancer. "

    01/2015; 4(3):94. DOI:10.11648/j.ajns.20150403.17
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    • "Furthermore , we expected the moderating effect of I-talk to be stronger for women than men. This assumption is based on copious findings suggesting that women tend to adhere to a healthier diet than men do (e.g., Beardsworth et al., 2002; Morse & Driskell, 2009; Wardle et al., 2004), but that women also tend to change their diets to be less healthy and gain more weight when they start cohabiting with a male partner (e.g., Bove, Sobal, & Rauschenbach, 2003; Savoca & Miller, 2001). Based on this literature, we hypothesized that for women in couples with high dyadic ERE, higher I-talk would be indicative of higher independence in their dietary decisions and would be associated with lower BMI. "
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    ABSTRACT: The rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S. suggest that most people have difficulty maintaining a healthy diet. Both individual factors (e.g., emotions, preferences) and social forces (e.g., partner influence) play a role in shaping eating habits, and individual factors might be differentially associated with eating depending on social conditions. The present study focuses on eating to regulate emotion (ERE) and the language used by romantic partners when discussing their health habits as interactive predictors of their body mass indices (BMI). Forty-three committed couples reported on the use of ERE and discussed their health habits with their partners during a laboratory visit. We tested whether ERE was associated with BMI under specific relationship conditions. As predicted, higher ERE was associated with higher BMI, especially for women who used more we-talk, a marker of relational cohesion, in couples with both partners having high ERE. However, women who used high I-talk in such couples had lower BMI. These findings suggest that for women sharing high ERE with their partner, using we-talk when discussing health habits might exacerbate the impact of this habit on BMI, whereas I-talk, a marker of relational autonomy, may serve a protective function.
    Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 10/2014; 33(8):743-766. DOI:10.1521/jscp.2014.33.8.743 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    • "In addition, based on studied suggesting that people eat less healthily (deCastro, 1991; Rhodes, Cleveland, Murayi, & Moshfegh, 2007) and engage in more sedentary behavior (Lake et al., 2009) on weekends vs. weekdays, we accounted for days of the week in our analyses. Finally, in line with the literature pointing to gender differences in dietary habits (Beardsworth et al., 2002; Bonds-Raacke, 2006; Morse & Driskel, 2009; Prattala et al., 2007; Savoca & Miller, 2001; Wardle et al., 1994) and exercise (Darlow & Xu, 2011; Shifren, Bauserman, & Carter, 1993; Treiber et al., 1991), we explore the possibility of gender differences for both hypotheses. "
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    ABSTRACT: Both social and individual factors play a role in shaping one's diet and exercise habits. A total of 62 heterosexual couples reported on health behavior values (HBVs) and completed daily diaries assessing food intake and physical activity relative to their own normal behavior and the helpfulness of health-related influence from their partners. Repeated measures dyadic analysis showed that men in couples with high average HBV ate less than usual in response to positive partner influence. Also, in such couples, normal weight men engaged in more physical activity when positively influenced by their partners. However, normal weight men in couples with low average HBV engaged in less physical activity when influenced by their partners. Women who valued health less than their partners responded to partner influence by eating healthier. These results highlight the importance of considering both social and individual contributors to health behaviors.
    Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 12/2013; 30(8):1000-1019. DOI:10.1177/0265407513479214 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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