Is prevalence of PBC underestimated in patients with systemic sclerosis?
ABSTRACT Clinically significant primary biliary cirrhosis occurs in 2.5% of patients with systemic sclerosis. Primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies include anti-mitochondrial, anti-glycoprotein 210, and anti-sp100 antibodies. The majority of asymptomatic anti-mitochondrial-positive subjects express histological features of primary biliary cirrhosis. Early detection of primary biliary cirrhosis is important, as timely introduction of ursodeoxycholic acid may improve prognosis. The aim was to assess the prevalence of MIT3 IgG-anti-mitochondrial, gp210, sp100 and other autoantibodies in patients with systemic sclerosis and compare the clinical and biochemical parameters in those who are primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies positive and negative.
Fifty-two consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis were included. Thirty-three suffered from limited skin SS and 19 from diffuse SS.
Eight (15%) patients with systemic sclerosis tested positive for primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies. No significant differences were observed between primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies positive and negative subjects in terms of various demographic, clinical or biochemical features. A trend towards increased prevalence of chronic fatigue in primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies positive patients was observed.
Primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies were detected in 15% of the systemic sclerosis patients. Since patients with primary biliary cirrhosis-specific antibodies are at high-risk or do suffer from primary biliary cirrhosis, screening for primary biliary cirrhosis-specific autoantibodies may be considered during routine assessment of systemic sclerosis.
Article: Primary biliary cirrhosis associated with systemic sclerosis: diagnostic and clinical challenges.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) often have concurrent limited systemic sclerosis (SSc). Conversely, up to one-fourth of SSc patients are positive for PBC-specific antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA). The mechanisms responsible for the co-occurrence of these diseases are largely unknown. Genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and infectious factors appear to be important for the pathogenesis of the disease, but the hierarchy of events are not well defined. Patients with SSc and PBC have an increased morbidity and mortality compared with the general population, but whether the presence of both diseases in an affected individual worsens the prognosis and/or outcome of either disease is not clear. Some case reports suggested that the presence of SSc in PBC patents is associated with a more favorable prognosis of the liver disease, whereas others report an increased mortality in patients with PBC and SSc compared to patients with PBC alone. This paper discusses the features of patients with PBC-associated SSc. Our aims are to clarify some of the pathogenetic, diagnostic, and clinical challenges that are currently faced in the routine management of these patients. We also intend to provide some practical hints for practitioners that will assist in the early identification of patients with PBC-associated SSc.International Journal of Rheumatology 01/2011; 2011:976427.