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BIOMEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD, Otorrinolaringología: Documentos más citados (citables reclassificados)

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic gentamicin ototoxicity was evaluated in the otolithic membrane of adult OF1 mice at the otoconial layer of the saccule and utricle by quantitative electron probe X-ray microanalysis of Ca and K. The otolithic membranes were plunge-frozen and freeze-dried. The analysis was carried out with an energy dispersive detector using the peak-to-back-ground ratio method and different inorganic salts of Ca and K as standards to calibrate the microprobe. Ca and K in the otoconia are related via a linear function in both the saccule and the utricle. This association is not maintained after exposure to gentamicin, which suggests that this aminoglycoside antibiotic interferes with the Ca-K equilibrium in the otoconia. A dose of 200 mg/kg gentamicin twice a day for 5 days did not affect Ca in the mineral phase of the otoconia, but did increase K in both saccular (p < 0.05) and utricular (p < 0.01) otoconia. These increases in K may reflect a modification in the composition of the endolymph, resulting from cellular damage at the plasma membrane.
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    ABSTRACT: Cholesteatoma in children is characterized by a more extensive and rapid growth in the middle ear and mastoid cavities. The growth characteristics of the cholesteatoma in 20 children were studied using the monoclonal antibody MIB 1, which recognizes a nuclear antigen expressed by cells in the G1, S, and G2/M phases. Specimens of normal adult auditory meatal skin (n = 15) and adult cholesteatoma (n = 15) served as controls. The tissue specimens were prepared for immunohistochemical examination using the alkaline phosphatase-antialkaline phosphatase method and an automatic image analyzer. Specimens of normal skin revealed an average MIB 1 score of 9.2 ± 3.1%. Child and adult cholesteatomas showed higher values. The average MIB 1 score was higher in child cholesteatoma (42 ± 9.4%) than in adult cholesteatoma (28.2± 6%). This difference was statistically significant (P<.01). Our results confirm a significant increase of the proliferative rate of cholesteatoma keratinocytes in children, giving an explanation for the more aggressive clinical behavior observed in these patients.Laryngoscope, 106:865-868, 1996
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify several acoustic features of the voice in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 41 patients and 28 age and sex-matched controls were studied. PD severity was assessed with the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) and the Hoehn and Yahr staging. The Computerized Speech Lab 4300 program (Kay Elemetrics) was used. Two seconds of a sustained /a/ and a sentence were captured with a microphone and laryngograph equipment. Measures included fundamental frequency (F0), frequency perturbation (jitter), intensity perturbation (shimmer), and harmonic/noise ratio (H/N) of the vowel /a/, and frequency and intensity variability of a sentence, phonational range, dynamic range at the natural frequency, maximum phonational time and s/z ratio. All subjects underwent indirect laryngoscopy and/or laryngeal fibroscopy. When compared with controls, PD patients showed higher jitter, lower H/N ratio, lower frequency and intensity variability of the sentence, and lower phonational range and reported a higher frequency of the presence of low voice-intensity, monopitch, voice arrests, and struggle. These features seem to be unaffected by the duration and severity of the disease.
    Journal of Voice 10/1997; 11(3):314-20. · 1.55 Impact Factor