Hemifacial spasm caused by epidermoid tumor at cerebello pontine angle.
ABSTRACT Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is almost always induced by vascular compression but in some cases the cause of HFS are tumors at cerebellopontine angle (CPA) or vascular malformations. We present a rare case of hemifacial spasm caused by epidermoid tumors and the possible pathogenesis of HFS is discussed. A 36-year-old female patient presented with a 27-month history of progressive involuntary facial twitching and had been treated with acupuncture and herb medication. On imaging study, a mass lesion was seen at right CPA. Microvascular decompression combined with mass removal was undertaken through retrosigmoid approach. The lesion was avascular mass and diagnosed with an epidermoid tumor pathologically. Eventually, we found a offending vessel (AICA : anterior inferior cerebellar artery) compressing facial nerve root exit zone (REZ). In case of HFS caused by tumor compression on the facial nerve REZ, surgeons should try to find an offending vessel under the mass. This case supports the vascular compression theory as a pathogenesis of HFS.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An 11-year-old male in whom hemifacial spasm was the presenting sign of a pilocytic astrocytoma within the fourth ventricle is reported. The child's hemifacial spasm decreased substantially after resection of the tumor. Hemifacial spasm is largely a disease of adults and only rarely is attributed to brain tumors. In contrast, this marks the fifth case of hemifacial spasm reported in a child, three of which have been attributed to tumors of the fourth ventricle.Pediatric Neurology 11/1999; 21(4):754-6. · 1.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ten patients with intractable hemifacial spasm were treated by posterior fossa exploration and microsurgical technique. These patients have been followed 1 to 5 years. The spasmodic motor disorder was related to compression of the 7th nerve or its exit zone at the brain stem by a dolichoectatic anterior inferior cerebellar artery in eight patients and to kinking and ectasia of the basilar or vertebral artery in two patients. In five patients, there were prominent arachnoidal adhesions in the cerebellopontine angle, and an arachnoid cyst was a component of the lesion in another patient. Additional conditions associated with hemifacial spasm included geniculate neuralgia, facial paresis, vertigo, hearing loss, and trigeminal neuralgia. The surgical morbidity and postoperative results are discussed.Neurosurgery 11/1981; 9(4):383-6. · 2.79 Impact Factor
Article: Hemifacial spasm resulting from facial nerve compression near the internal acoustic meatus--case report.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A 61-year-old female presented with a rare case of hemifacial spasm (HFS) resulting from facial nerve compression near the internal acoustic meatus. She underwent a first surgery for microvascular decompression at the root entry zone of the facial nerve, but this did not achieve resolution of the HFS. During the second surgery, the meatal loop of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) was found to be the offending artery near the internal acoustic meatus. When the AICA was dissected and separated from the facial nerve, abnormal muscle responses of the mentalis muscle due to electrical stimulation of the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve were abolished. Following surgery the patient was completely free of the HFS.Neurologia medico-chirurgica 11/1997; 37(10):771-4. · 0.61 Impact Factor