Genetic dissection reveals diabetes loci proximal to the gimap5 lymphopenia gene.
ABSTRACT Congenic DRF.(f/f) rats are protected from type 1 diabetes (T1D) by 34 Mb of F344 DNA introgressed proximal to the gimap5 lymphopenia gene. To dissect the genetic factor(s) that confer protection from T1D in the DRF.(f/f) rat line, DRF.(f/f) rats were crossed to inbred BBDR or DR.(lyp/lyp) rats to generate congenic sublines that were genotyped and monitored for T1D, and positional candidate genes were sequenced. All (100%) DR.(lyp/lyp) rats developed T1D by 83 days of age. Reduction of the DRF.(f/f) F344 DNA fragment by 26 Mb (42.52-68.51 Mb) retained complete T1D protection. Further dissection revealed that a 2 Mb interval of F344 DNA (67.41-70.17 Mb) (region 1) resulted in 47% protection and significantly delayed onset (P < 0.001 compared with DR.(lyp/lyp)). Retaining <1 Mb of F344 DNA at the distal end (76.49-76.83 Mb) (region 2) resulted in 28% protection and also delayed onset (P < 0.001 compared with DR.(lyp/lyp)). Comparative analysis of diabetes frequency in the DRF.(f/f) congenic sublines further refined the RNO4 region 1 interval to approximately 670 kb and region 2 to the 340 kb proximal to gimap5. All congenic DRF.(f/f) sublines were prone to low-grade pancreatic mononuclear cell infiltration around ducts and vessels, but <20% of islets in nondiabetic rats showed islet infiltration. Coding sequence analysis revealed TCR Vbeta 8E, 12, and 13 as candidate genes in region 1 and znf467 and atp6v0e2 as candidate genes in region 2. Our results show that spontaneous T1D is controlled by at least two genetic loci 7 Mb apart on rat chromosome 4.
Article: Refinement of the Iddm4 diabetes susceptibility locus reveals TCRVbeta4 as a candidate gene.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Iddm4 is a dominant non-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) determinant of diabetes susceptibility in BBDR rats treated with poly I:C, plus depletion of regulatory T cells. In congenic MHC-identical normal WF rats, Iddm4(d) sensitively and specifically predicts induced diabetes. We report a new diabetes-susceptible subcongenic line that carries Iddm4 in a < 2.6 megabase interval. Candidate genes include the T cell receptor beta chain variable (TCRVbeta) family. We found that TCRVbeta4 in WF rats contains a stop codon, whereas 5/5 diabetes-susceptible rat strains express TCRVbeta4. We conclude that Iddm4-mediated diabetes resistance in rats may be due to a recessive protective mutation in TCRVbeta4.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 05/2007; 1103:128-31. · 3.15 Impact Factor
Article: Diabetes segregates as a single locus in crosses between inbred BB rats prone or resistant to diabetes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Diabetes-prone (DP) BB rats spontaneously develop insulin-dependent diabetes resembling type 1 diabetes mellitus in man. They also exhibit lifelong T cell deficiency. The segregation of both diabetes and lymphopenia was studied in crosses between this inbred line of rats and the related but nondiabetic and nonlymphopenic inbred diabetes-resistant (DR) BB rat line. Diabetes segregated as a single, autosomal recessive trait and was always accompanied by lymphopenia. Among the limited number of differences in the genomic DNA sequences of the two lines, DP and DR BB, one may account for the development of diabetes and lymphopenia in the DP BB rats. It may be possible to screen the genomic DNA for such differences to detect a marker for the phenotypes.Journal of Experimental Medicine 08/1991; 174(1):297-300. · 13.85 Impact Factor