Article

[Psychological health in residents participating in clean-up works of Hebei Spirit oil spill].

Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 04/2009; 42(2):82-8. DOI: 10.3961/jpmph.2009.42.2.82
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Our objective was to examine and evaluate the psychological health of the residents of Taean during the cleanup of the Hebei Spirit (HS) oil spill and to review some factors associated with the results.
A community survey of 71 men and women was conducted 8 weeks after the HS oil spill. Questionnaires used were the PWI (Psychological Well-being Index) scale for psychosocial distress, the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) scale for depressive symptoms, and a questionnaire created to assess suicidal impulses.
The overall prevalence of high-risk psychosocial distress among the study group was 64.2%. The percentages of respondents with scores on the CES-D Scale above 16 and above 21 were 77.6% and 62.7%, respectively. The percentage of respondents categorized as having suicidal impulses was 18.3%. When compared with unexposed groups in the general population taken from various sources, the residents of Taean were 6.5 times as likely to have high stress and 9.4-9.7 times as likely to be depressed. No significant difference in the rate of suicidal impulse was found between the residents of Taean and the general population. Factors associated with high stress, depression, and suicidal impulses were age, a change in income, educational level, number of days working on the cleanup, and positive responses to questions about "affected daily activity" and "hospital visit due to work on cleanup."
The results suggest that the HS oil spill had a significant impact on the psychological health of residents of Taean, but the comparability of the unexposed groups is a limitation of the study.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Minkyo Song, Sep 30, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
125 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study was to review and summarize published studies on human health effects of oil spill exposure. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted for articles published on health effects of oil spill exposure. More than 250 articles were examined, and only those articles that dealt with health effects on human populations were included. The methodology, results, discussion, and conclusions for each study were reviewed and summarized. Results: Published studies are helpful in identifying acute and, to some extent, chronic health effects related to major oil spills. Nevertheless, many of these reports were focused on the behavioral health effects of the oil spill exposures in the affected population. Conclusions: These published studies clearly support the need for further assessment of the potential short-and long-term repercussions in human populations exposed to oil spills.
    Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 10/2014; 56(10):1029-1041. DOI:10.1097/JOM.0000000000000217 · 1.80 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Children are one of the most vulnerable populations to the impact of disasters. We aimed to examine children's mental health in the area affected by the Hebei Spirit oil spill accident on December 7, 2007. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted using the Korean versions of the Children's Depression Inventory and State Anxiety Inventory for Children on 1,362 children attending elementary schools in the affected area. The information on distances between the nearest contaminated coastline to the child's residential house or attending school were obtained using a web-based map by inputting two address points. The symptom risks of depression and state anxiety were estimated by multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, and other covariates. Children with the closest distance (in the fourth quartile) to the school from the contaminated coastline showed a significantly higher symptom risk of depression compared to those with the farthest distance (first quartile)(odds ratio, 2.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-5.33), while there was no significant association between anxiety symptoms and distance. Children, a vulnerable population for mental health impact by the oil spill accident, should be included in mental health programs in the community along with their family as victims of the disaster.
    08/2013; 28:e2013010. DOI:10.5620/eht.2013.28.e2013010
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to assess the burden of disease (BOD) of the residents living in contaminated coastal area with oil spill and also analysed the BOD attributable to the oil spill by disease, age, sex and subregion. Health impact assessment by measuring years lived with disability (YLD) due to an oil spill. A whole population of a community affected by an anthropogenic environmental disaster and secondary health outcome data. Based on the health outcome survey including 10 171 individuals (male 4354; female 5817), BOD of 66 473 populations (male 33 441; female 33 032) was measured. None. Observational study on the effect of a specific environmental health hazard. Using disability adjusted life year (DALY) method, BOD including physical and mental diseases was measured. For the BOD measurement, excess incidences of illnesses related to oil spill were estimated from the comparison of prevalence of the health outcomes between contaminated areas and reference area without contamination. YLD attributable to the oil spill were estimated to be 14 724 DALYs (male 7425 DALYs; female 7299 DALYs) for the year 2008. The YLD of mental diseases including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression for men were higher than that for women. The YLD for women was higher in asthma and allergies (rhinitis, dermatitis, conjunctivitis) than that for men. The effects of asthma and allergies were the greatest for people in their 40s, with the burden of mental illness being the greatest for those in their 20s. Proximity to the spill site was associated with increased BOD. An oil spill near a coastline can cause substantial adverse health effects. As the health effects of hazardous pollutants from oil spills are long-lasting, close follow-up studies are required to identify chronic health effects.
    BMJ Open 09/2013; 3(9):e003334. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003334 · 2.06 Impact Factor