Tissue Doppler Image-Derived Myocardial Performance(Tei Index) as a Simple Assessment of Global Cardiac Function in Adults

Korean Circulation Journal 01/2005; 35(4). DOI: 10.4070/kcj.2005.35.4.315

ABSTRACT Background and Objectives:A new Doppler time index of myocardial performance (the Tei index) has been studied as a useful predictor of global cardiac function. It is defined as (a-b)/b, where a is the interval between the end and onset of the mitral inflow, and b is the ejection time of the left ventricular outflow. However, the Doppler time intervals are not measured on the same cardiac cycle. Subjects and Methods:We compared the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived Tei index, which can be measured on the same cardiac cycle, with the conventional Tei index as measured by pulsed wave Doppler method, in healthy persons (n=44), in patients having diastolic dysfunction with an E/E' ratio >10 (DD, n=56), and in patients having systolic dysfunction with an ejection fraction


Available from: kwon-sam Kim, Jan 20, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The reliability and usefulness of the right ventricular (RV) Tei index (RTX) remains controversial because it has not been possible to simultaneously measure RV inflow and outflow. However, dual pulsed-wave Doppler (DPD) enables flow velocities to be obtained at different sampling sites simultaneously. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and reliability of RTX values obtained by DPD (RTX(DPD)). Forty-one patients who underwent cardiac catheterization and echocardiography for RV volume or pressure overloading conditions were evaluated. Symptom-limited exercise treadmill testing with expired gas analysis was performed and maximal exercise capacity was measured. RTX by conventional flow Doppler (RTX(CFD), 0.262±0.164) was similar to RTX(DPD) (0.253±0.117, p=NS), whereas RTX by tissue Doppler echocardiography (RTX(TDE), 0.447±0.125) was significantly larger than RTX(DPD) (p<0.001). Based on multiple regression analysis, maximal exercise capacity was independently related to RTX(DPD) (β=-0.60, p<0.001), mid-RV dimension (β=-0.26, p=0.012), left ventricular ejection fraction (β=0.22, p=0.023), and early diastolic tricuspid annular velocity (β=0.21, p=0.048). It is feasible and reliable to evaluate RV function using RTX(DPD) values. However, to evaluate the clinical usefulness of RTX(DPD), additional studies are required with a large number of patients and long-term follow-up.
    Korean Circulation Journal 08/2010; 40(8):391-8. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2010.40.8.391
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) results in impairment of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions to various degrees. The tissue Doppler image derived Tei index (TDI-Tei index) has recently been used to assess LV function, and like the conventional Tei index, it was also found to be useful for global function. There are a small number of studies which apply TDI-Tei index to assess regional function and whether it varies according to the degree of changes in wall motion in various LV segments.
    03/2011; 63(1):1–6. DOI:10.1016/j.ehj.2011.08.002