Article

Tissue Doppler Image-Derived Myocardial Performance(Tei Index) as a Simple Assessment of Global Cardiac Function in Adults

Korean Circulation Journal 01/2005; 35(4). DOI: 10.4070/kcj.2005.35.4.315

ABSTRACT Background and Objectives:A new Doppler time index of myocardial performance (the Tei index) has been studied as a useful predictor of global cardiac function. It is defined as (a-b)/b, where a is the interval between the end and onset of the mitral inflow, and b is the ejection time of the left ventricular outflow. However, the Doppler time intervals are not measured on the same cardiac cycle. Subjects and Methods:We compared the tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived Tei index, which can be measured on the same cardiac cycle, with the conventional Tei index as measured by pulsed wave Doppler method, in healthy persons (n=44), in patients having diastolic dysfunction with an E/E' ratio >10 (DD, n=56), and in patients having systolic dysfunction with an ejection fraction

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    ABSTRACT: Although the Tei index is a useful predictor of global ventricular function, it has not been investigated at the level of regional myocardial function. We therefore investigated the segmental tissue Doppler image derived-Tei index (TDI-Tei index) in patients with regional wall motion abnormalities. We prospectively studied 17 patients (mean age 62+/-9 years, 5 women) with left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion abnormalities. The Tei index, defined as the sum of isovolumetric contraction time (IVCT) and isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) divided by ejection time (ET), was measured in the basal and mid segments of the LV walls from standard apical views (4-, 2-, and 5-chamber views). We also obtained TDI velocity data in each segment. LV wall motion was classified as normal, hypokinetic, or akinetic, based on visual analysis. The TDI-Tei index, peak systolic myocardial velocity (Sm), early diastolic myocardial velocity (Em), and late diastolic myocardial velocity (Am) were analyzed in a total of 203 segments. Mean LV ejection fraction was 41.8+/-8.5%. TDI-Tei indices of dysfunctional segments (akinesis or hypokinesis, n=63) were significantly higher than those of normal segments (n=140) (0.714+/-0.169 vs. 0.669+/-0.135, p=0.041, respectively). Average values of TDI-Tei index, Sm, Em, and Am were 0.742+/-0.201, 4.206+/-1.336, 5.258+/-1.867, and 5.578+/-2.354 in akinetic segments; 0.677+/-0.101, 4.908+/-1.615, 5.369+/-2.121, and 5.542+/-2.492 in hypokinetic segments; and 0.669+/-0.135, 5.409+/-1.519, 6.108+/-2.356, and 6.719+/-2.466 in normal segments, respectively. A significant negative correlation was apparent between the TDI-Tei index and Sm (r=-0.302, p<0.001). These data suggest that the value of the segmental TDI-Tei index differs significantly according to regional function grade.
    Korean Circulation Journal 03/2010; 40(3):114-8. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2010.40.3.114
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    ABSTRACT: The reliability and usefulness of the right ventricular (RV) Tei index (RTX) remains controversial because it has not been possible to simultaneously measure RV inflow and outflow. However, dual pulsed-wave Doppler (DPD) enables flow velocities to be obtained at different sampling sites simultaneously. In this study we evaluated the feasibility and reliability of RTX values obtained by DPD (RTX(DPD)). Forty-one patients who underwent cardiac catheterization and echocardiography for RV volume or pressure overloading conditions were evaluated. Symptom-limited exercise treadmill testing with expired gas analysis was performed and maximal exercise capacity was measured. RTX by conventional flow Doppler (RTX(CFD), 0.262±0.164) was similar to RTX(DPD) (0.253±0.117, p=NS), whereas RTX by tissue Doppler echocardiography (RTX(TDE), 0.447±0.125) was significantly larger than RTX(DPD) (p<0.001). Based on multiple regression analysis, maximal exercise capacity was independently related to RTX(DPD) (β=-0.60, p<0.001), mid-RV dimension (β=-0.26, p=0.012), left ventricular ejection fraction (β=0.22, p=0.023), and early diastolic tricuspid annular velocity (β=0.21, p=0.048). It is feasible and reliable to evaluate RV function using RTX(DPD) values. However, to evaluate the clinical usefulness of RTX(DPD), additional studies are required with a large number of patients and long-term follow-up.
    Korean Circulation Journal 08/2010; 40(8):391-8. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2010.40.8.391
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) results in impairment of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions to various degrees. The tissue Doppler image derived Tei index (TDI-Tei index) has recently been used to assess LV function, and like the conventional Tei index, it was also found to be useful for global function. There are a small number of studies which apply TDI-Tei index to assess regional function and whether it varies according to the degree of changes in wall motion in various LV segments.
    03/2011; 63(1):1–6. DOI:10.1016/j.ehj.2011.08.002

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