Structural organisation of phycobilisomes from Synechocystis sp. strain PCC6803 and their interaction with the membrane.

Department of Biophysical Chemistry, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 02/2009; 1787(4):272-9. DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.01.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In cyanobacteria, the harvesting of light energy for photosynthesis is mainly carried out by the phycobilisome - a giant, multi-subunit pigment-protein complex. This complex is composed of heterodimeric phycobiliproteins that are assembled with the aid of linker polypeptides such that light absorption and energy transfer to photosystem II are optimised. In this work we have studied, using single particle electron microscopy, the phycobilisome structure in mutants lacking either two or all three of the phycocyanin hexamers. The images presented give much greater detail than those previously published, and in the best two-dimensional projection maps a resolution of 13 A was achieved. As well as giving a better overall picture of the assembly of phycobilisomes, these results reveal new details of the association of allophycocyanin trimers within the core. Insights are gained into the attachment of this core to the membrane surface, essential for efficient energy transfer to photosystem II. Comparison of projection maps of phycobilisomes with and without reconstituted ferredoxin:NADP oxidoreductase suggests a location for this enzyme within the complex at the rod-core interface.

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    ABSTRACT: The phycobilisome (PBS) is an extra-membrane supramolecular complex composed of many chromophore (bilin)-binding proteins (phycobiliproteins) and linker proteins, which generally are colorless. PBS collects light energy of a wide range of wavelengths, funnels it to the central core, and then transfers it to photosystems. Although phycobiliproteins are evolutionarily related to each other, the binding of different bilin pigments ensures the ability to collect energy over a wide range of wavelengths. Spatial arrangement and functional tuning of the different phycobiliproteins, which are mediated primarily by linker proteins, yield PBS that is efficient and versatile light-harvesting systems. In this review, we discuss the functional and spatial tuning of phycobiliproteins with a focus on linker proteins.
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    ABSTRACT: The major light harvesting complex in cyanobacteria and red algae is the phycobilisome (PBS), comprised of hundreds of seemingly similar chromophores, which are protein bound and assembled in a fashion that enables highly efficient uni-directional energy transfer to reaction centers. The PBS is comprised of a core containing 2-5 cylinders surrounded by 6-8 rods, and a number of models have been proposed describing the PBS structure. One of the most critical steps in the functionality of the PBS is energy transfer from the rod substructures to the core substructure. In this study we compare the structural and functional characteristics of high-phosphate stabilized PBS (the standard fashion of stabilization of isolated complexes) with cross-linked PBS in low ionic strength buffer from two cyanobacterial species, Thermosynechococcus vulcanus and Acaryochloris marina. We show that chemical cross-linking preserves efficient energy transfer from the phycocyanin containing rods to the allophycocyanin containing cores with fluorescent emission from the terminal emitters. However, this energy transfer is shown to exist in PBS complexes of different structures as characterized by determination of a 2.4Å structure by X-ray crystallography, single crystal confocal microscopy, mass spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy of negatively stained and cryogenically preserved complexes. We conclude that the PBS has intrinsic structural properties that enable efficient energy transfer from rod substructures to the core substructures without requiring a single unique structure. We discuss the significance of our observations on the functionality of the PBS in vivo.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/2014; · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We measured the kinetics of light-induced NADPH formation and subsequent dark consumption by monitoring in vivo its fluorescence in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803. Spectral data allowed the signal changes to be attributed to NAD(P)H and signal linearity vs the chlorophyll concentration was shown to be recoverable after appropriate correction. Parameters associated to reduction of NADP(+) to NADPH by ferredoxin-NADP(+)-oxidoreductase were determined: After single excitation of photosystem I, half of the signal rise is observed in 8ms; Evidence for a kinetic limitation which is attributed to an enzyme bottleneck is provided; After two closely separated saturating flashes eliciting two photosystem I turnovers in less than 2ms, more than 50% of the cytoplasmic photoreductants (reduced ferredoxin and photosystem I acceptors) are diverted from NADPH formation by competing processes. Signal quantitation in absolute NADPH concentrations was performed by adding exogenous NADPH to the cell suspensions and by estimating the enhancement factor of in vivo fluorescence (between 2 and 4). The size of the visible (light-dependent) NADP (NADP(+) + NADPH) pool was measured to be between 1.4 and 4 times the photosystem I concentration. A quantitative discrepancy is found between net oxygen evolution and NADPH consumption by the light-activated Calvin-Benson cycle. The present study shows that NADPH fluorescence is an efficient probe for studying in vivo the energetic metabolism of cyanobacteria which can be used for assessing multiple phenomena occurring over different time scales.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/2014; · 4.66 Impact Factor

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