Prior polyvascular disease: risk factor for adverse ischaemic outcomes in acute coronary syndromes.
ABSTRACT The presence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is associated with higher likelihood of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to assess the prevalence of PAD, CVD, prior CAD, or pre-existent disease in multiple arterial territories ('polyvascular' disease) in patients presenting with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and its impact on adverse events.
Data from 95 749 patients enrolled from February 2003 to September 2006 at 484 sites in the CRUSADE registry were analysed. Patients were categorized as having prior 0, 1, 2, or 3 affected arterial beds. The rates of in-hospital mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, and congestive heart failure were analysed, as were the rates of non-bypass surgery-related red blood cell transfusion and major bleeding. On presentation, 11,345 (11.9%) patients had established PAD, 9973 (10.4%) had documented CVD, and 41,404 (43.2%) had prior CAD. In this cohort, 0, 1, 2, and 3 arterial bed disease before presentation was present in 46 814 (48.9%, 95% CI 48.6-49.2%), 36 704 (38.3%, 95% CI 37.8-39.0%), 10 675 (11.2%, 95% CI 10.9-11.9%), and 1556 (1.6%, 95% CI 1.5-1.8%) patients, respectively. The rates of ischaemic events increased with the number of affected vascular beds. The adjusted odds ratio for the composite of in-hospital ischaemic events for pre-existent disease in 1, 2, or 3 arterial beds (compared with 0 arterial bed involvement) increased from 1.07 to 1.26 to 1.31 (P < 0.001). Similarly, the adjusted odds ratio for transfusion increased with greater disease burden from 1.11 to 1.28 to 1.30 (P < 0.001), although the adjusted rates of protocol-defined non-bypass surgery-related major bleeding did not.
Prior polyvascular disease increases the risk of in-hospital adverse events, including mortality. Identification of these patients in clinical trial and real world populations may provide an opportunity to reduce their excess risk with intensive secondary prevention efforts.
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ABSTRACT: Ischaemia in different arterial territories before acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may influence post-AMI outcomes. No studies have evaluated prospectively collected information on ischaemia and its effect on short- and long-term coronary mortality. The objective of this study was to compare patients with and without prospectively measured ischaemic presentations before AMI in terms of infarct characteristics and coronary mortality.European Heart Journal 07/2014; · 14.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Coronary and cerebrovascular atherothrombosis are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Novel antiplatelet agents have been established for the management of patients with clinically evident coronary atherothrombosis and are increasingly used in these patients. These agents, however, have shown limited efficacy in the prevention of cerebrovascular events and potential harm in patients with history of stroke or transient ischemic attack. Herein, the efficacy and safety of two established antiplatelet agents in patients with stroke - aspirin and clopidogrel - are reviewed with a focus on the use and challenges related to novel antiplatelet agents - prasugrel, ticagrelor, and vorapaxar - in patients at risk for and with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack.Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 01/2014; 10:321-329. · 1.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the TRACER trial, vorapaxar, a protease-activated receptor-1 antagonist, plus standard care in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) patients did not significantly reduce the primary composite end point but reduced a key secondary end point and significantly increased bleeding. History of peripheral artery disease (PAD) was a risk-enrichment inclusion criterion. We investigated the efficacy and safety of vorapaxar in NSTE ACS patients with documented PAD.American Heart Journal 10/2014; 168(4):588-596. · 4.56 Impact Factor