[A preliminary study of piglet intraperitoneal bleeding model and electrical impedance tomography monitoring].
ABSTRACT Piglets having each a body weight of 20-30 kg and an abdominal perimeter like human's were used in the experiment. Being guided by ultrasound, we stabbed the piglet's abdomen, placed a catheter on the liver's lower margin, then injected the anticoagulated blood through the catheter by electrical infusion pump with constant speed respectively, and monitored the whole process by EIT. We observed the image change, using Ultrasound and CT to examine the area of blood injection after the end of monitoring,and we dissected to check the result of observations. The results reveal: (1) Ultrasound, CT and dissection are all able to find out a large amount of blood in piglet's abdominal cavity; (2) The pixel value of EIT target area decreases with the increase of blood, and the change in impedance image can be obviously observed. Therefore, this animal model is suitable for simulating intraperitoneal bleeding, and the speed of bleeding therein can be controlled. We can get a limpid image when EIT is used for monitoring the intraperitoneal bleeding simulated by this animal model.