Insulin resistance in prediction of esophageal varices.

Department of Gastroenterology, Gulhane School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Hepatology (Impact Factor: 12). 04/2009; 49(5):1775-6; author reply 1776. DOI: 10.1002/hep.22875
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence showing a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been accumulating. However, the reason why chronic HCV infection promotes DM remains unknown. In the present study, the authors focused on non-cirrhotic and non-diabetic patients with chronic HCV infection and evaluated the factors responsible for increases in insulin resistance. Fifty-six patients diagnosed with HCV-related chronic liver disease were included. Biochemical information including body mass index (BMI), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase, cholinesterase, triglyceride, total cholesterol, hemoglobin, platelet count, glycosylated hemoglobin, immunoreactive insulin (IRI), and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and HCV-RNA were determined using venous blood samples obtained from each patient after overnight fasting. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), a simple and convenient measure of insulin resistance, was also calculated. The relationship between the stage of liver fibrosis and HOMA-IR, and the clinical factors responsible for the increase in HOMA-IR in non-diabetic patients was investigated. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and IRI levels increased parallel with the progression of fibrosis. Among the non-diabetic patients with mild to moderate liver fibrosis, BMI, serum levels of AST and TNF-alpha were related with HOMA-IR (BMI: r = 0.395, P = 0.041; AST: r = 0.465, P = 0.014; TNF-alpha: r = 0.396, P = 0.040). In contrast, HOMA-IR related to TNF-alpha (r = 0.526, P = 0.013) in non-diabetic patients with advanced liver fibrosis. Collectively, hepatic fibrosis and inflammation appear to play key roles in the increase in insulin resistance in patients with chronic HCV infection.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 01/2004; 18(12):1358-63. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Indirect methods to predict the presence of esophageal varices (EV) in patients with cirrhosis are not sensitive enough to be used as a surrogate for endoscopy. We tested the effectiveness of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography and the presence of insulin resistance (IR), a marker associated with fibrosis progression, in the noninvasive prediction of portal hypertension. One hundred four consecutive patients with newly diagnosed Child A hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to search for EV. Clinical, anthropometric, biochemical, ultrasonographic, and metabolic features, including IR by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), and LSM by transient elastography, were recorded at the time of endoscopy. EVs were detected in 63 of 104 patients (60%). In 10 patients (16%), the EVs were medium-large (>or=F2). By multivariate analysis, the presence of EVs was independently associated with a low platelet count/spleen diameter ratio (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999) and a high HOMA-IR score (OR, 1.296; 95%CI, 1.018-1.649), not with LSM (OR, 1.009; 95%CI, 0.951-1.070). It is noteworthy that nine of ten patients with medium-large EVs had a platelet/spleen ratio of less than 792 or an HOMA-IR of greater than 3.5. The independent association between low platelet count/spleen diameter ratio (OR, 0.998; 95%CI, 0.996-1.000), high HOMA-IR score (OR, 1.373; 95%CI, 1.014-1.859) and presence of EV was confirmed in the subgroup of 77 nondiabetic subjects. Conclusions: In patients with Child A HCV cirrhosis, two simple, easy-to-get tests, namely the platelet/spleen ratio and insulin resistance measured by HOMA-IR, regardless of the presence of diabetes, significantly predict the presence of EV, outweighing the contribution given by transient elastography.
    Hepatology 10/2008; 49(1):195-203. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Visfatin, a new adipokine, facilitates adipogenesis and has insulin-mimetic properties. We aimed to investigate the plasma visfatin levels in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), who had no obesity or hypertension. Twenty-two patients with T2DM, 18 subjects with IGT and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. Visfatin levels were measured along with the BMI, blood pressure, lipids, glucose, insulin, adiponectin and hsCRP levels, and HOMA-IR indexes. Age, sex and BMI were similar in all groups. Visfatin levels were higher in the diabetic group than the controls (p=0.01). There was no significant difference in the visfatin levels between the T2DM and IGT groups as well as IGT group and healthy controls. Plasma visfatin concentrations did not differ between men and women. Visfatin levels did not correlate with BMI, blood pressure, plasma adiponectin, insulin, hsCRP, glucose and lipid levels or HOMA-IR indexes in the three groups. These results indicate that hyperglycemia causes an increase in plasma visfatin levels and, as in people with T2DM but not with IGT, this increase gets more prominent as the glucose intolerance worsens.
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 05/2007; 76(1):24-9. · 2.74 Impact Factor


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