Article

Recent findings concerning childhood food insecurity.

The Department of Pediatrics, The New York University School of Medicine, New York 10010, USA.
Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care 04/2009; 12(3):310-6. DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e3283298e37
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Food insecurity is a relatively new measure of household and child malnutrition. This paper reviews recent studies that have examined aspects of its etiology and adverse child health and development.
Smoking by adults in children's homes has recently been found to be highly associated with childhood food insecurity. Much recent research has also examined the relationship between food insecurity and childhood obesity, and thus far, whereas suggestive, results are conflicting. Some studies have found that parenting practices and parental depression are factors that link household food insecurity with childhood obesity. Other health outcomes recently shown to be associated with food insecurity include undernutrition, decreased mental proficiency, increased developmental risk, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and poor health status. Most of the studies of food insecurity to date have come from the USA. There is, however, absolutely no reason to believe that this measure, and the negative child health outcomes associated with it, does not apply to other developed nations. Similarly, it is likely that children and families living in developing countries suffer a greater prevalence and severity of food insecurity and its negative consequences.
Childhood food insecurity has numerous significant negative effects on childhood health and development, may be associated with obesity, and occurs much more often in impoverished homes with adult smokers.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
123 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Food insecurity affects a significant percentage of US children. Food insecurity affects households through limited intake and by reducing dietary quality. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between consumption of ready-to-eat (RTE) cereal and nutrient intake, the Healthy Eating Index, and adiposity by food secure status in children. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003–2008 were analyzed to categorize children ages 4 to 12 as either food secure or not food secure and as either those who eat cereal or those who do not eat cereal. Results indicated that cereal consumption was associated with a better nutrient intake profile and Healthy Eating Index for food secure and nonsecure children. Enhanced nutrient intake was greater among the food insecure children who ate cereal relative to food insecure children who did not eat cereal. These results suggest that access to foods rich in nutrition but low in cost, such as RTE cereal, may positively impact the nutritional effects of food insecurity.
    Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 04/2013; 8(2).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: Food insecurity may be associated with poor nutrition, which in turn can increase the risk of adverse nutrition and health outcomes among infants and toddlers. This study was undertaken in 2008 to gain an insight of mothers' views on complementary feeding practices and food security. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study, data were collected through 10 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with groups of mothers who had under two-year-old children in the urban areas of Damavand (7 FGDs; n=51) and Varamin (3 FGDs; n=29). Each FGD was held in the presence of a moderator, two note takers, and an observer. All notes were collected, and the emerging themes were reported. Results: In the study, nine general themes were identified: 1) The mothers viewed adequate food as a food, which is useful for health in both quality and quantity; 2) Households have limited access to adequate food because they cannot afford it; 3) In hard situations, household’s strategies are: changing the type and amount of food, and buying cheaper foods; 4) In case of poverty, mothers abstain from eating to save food for their children; 5) The mothers viewed complementary feeding as soft, simple and light foods, which are especially made for children; 6) The best time for introducing complementary feeding was 6 months of age; 7) There were no complementary local foods in the region; 8) For under one-year-old children, a different type of food was separately prepared; 9) Home-made complementary food was preferred over the readymade type. Conclusions: Despite mothers' sufficient knowledge about the advantages of complementary feeding, the majority of them had not good performance. This qualitative study provides a foundation and valuable information for future studies on the nutritional health of children in food insecure households.
    Nutrition and Food Sciences Research. 12/2014; 1(2):35-42.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and CD4% among 2-6 year old HIV+ outpatients (n=78) at the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Center of Excellence in Gaborone, Botswana. HFI was assessed by a validated survey. CD4% data were abstracted from the medical record. We used multiple linear regression with CD4% (dependent variable), HFI (independent variable), and controlled for socio-demographic and clinical covariates. Multiple linear regression showed a significant main effect for HFI (beta=-0.6, 95% CI [-1.0, -0.1]) and child gender (beta=5.6, 95% CI [1.3, 9.8]). Alleviating food insecurity may improve pediatric HIV outcomes in Botswana and similar Sub-Saharan settings.
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 05/2014; · 4.39 Impact Factor