Article

N 2 Product Internal-State Distributions for the Steady-State Reactions of NO with H 2 and NH 3 on the Pt(100) Surface †

The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Impact Factor: 3.38). 09/2001; 105(37):8725-8728. DOI: 10.1021/jp0108216
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    ABSTRACT: The catalytic reduction of NO in the presence of benzene on the surface of Pt(3 3 2) has been studied using Fourier transform infra red reflection-absorption spectroscopy (FTIR-RAS) and thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). IR spectra show that while the presence of benzene molecules at low coverage (e.g., following an exposure of just 0.25 L) promotes NO–Pt interaction, the adsorption of NO on Pt(3 3 2) at higher benzene coverages is suppressed. It is also shown that there are no strong interactions between the adsorbed NO molecules and the benzene itself or benzene-derived hydrocarbons, which can lead to the formation of intermediate species that are essential for N2 production.TDS results show that the adsorbed benzene molecules undergo dehydrogenation accompanied by hydrogen desorption starting at 300 K and achieving a maximum at 394 K. Subsequent dehydrogenation of the benzene-derived hydrocarbons then begins with hydrogen desorption starting at 500 K. N2 desorption from NO adlayers on clean Pt(3 3 2) surface becomes significant at temperatures higher than 400 K, giving rise to a peak at 465 K. This peak corresponds to N2 desorption from NO dissociation on step sites. The presence of benzene promotes N2 desorption, depending on the benzene coverage. When the benzene exposure is 0.25 L, the N2 desorption peak at 459 K is dramatically increased. Increasing benzene coverage also results in the intensification of N2 desorption at ∼410 K. At benzene exposures of 2.4 L, N2 desorption develops as a broad peak with a maximum at ∼439 K.It is concluded that the catalytic reduction of NO by platinum in the presence of benzene proceeds by NO decomposition and subsequent oxygen removal at temperatures lower than 500 K, and NO dissociation is a rate-limiting step. The contribution of benzene to N2 desorption is mainly attributed to providing a source of H, which quickly reacts with NO-derived atomic O, leaving the surface with more vacant sites for further NO dissociation.
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    ABSTRACT: The highly selective conversion of nitrite to N(2) at a quasi-perfect Pt(100) electrode in alkaline media was investigated with a particular emphasis on its structure sensitivity and its mechanism. High-quality (100) terraces are required to optimize the catalytic activity and steer the selectivity to N(2): defects of any symmetry dramatically reduce the N(2) evolution at [(100) × (110)] and [(100) × (111)] surfaces. On the other hand, nitrite reduction proves to be an additional example of the unique intrinsic ability of (100) surfaces to catalyze reactions involving bond breaking and successive bond formation. In the present case, (100) is able to reduce nitrite to NH(2,ads), which in a certain potential window combines with NO(ads) to give N(2) in a Langmuir-Hinshelwood reaction. Our findings are similar to those for other processes generating N(2), from bacterial anoxic ammonia oxidation ("anammox") to the high-temperature NO + NH(3) reaction at Pt(100) crystals under ultra-high-vacuum conditions, thus suggesting that the combination of these two nitrogen-containing species is a universal (low-temperature) pathway to N(2). The advantages of this pathway over other N(2)-generating pathways are pointed out.
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    ABSTRACT: Surface-nitrogen removal steps were analyzed in the course of a catalyzed NO + H(2) reaction on Pd(110) by angle-resolved mass spectroscopy combined with cross-correlation time-of-flight techniques. Four removal steps, i.e., (i) the associative process of nitrogen atoms, 2N(a) --> N(2)(g), (ii) the decomposition of the intermediate, NO(a) + N(a) --> N(2)O(a) --> N(2)(g) + O(a), (iii) its desorption, N(2)O(a) --> N(2)O(g), and (iv) the desorption as ammonia, N(a) + 3H(a) --> NH(3)(g), are operative in a comparable order. Above 600 K, process (i) is predominant, whereas the others largely contribute below 600 K. Process (iv) becomes significant at H(2) pressures above a critical value, about half the NO pressure. Hydrogen was a stronger reagent than CO toward NO reduction and relatively enhanced the N(a) associative process.
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