Pelagibius litoralis gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium in the family Rhodospirillaceae isolated from coastal seawater.
ABSTRACT A Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, slightly curved rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated CL-UU02(T), was isolated from coastal seawater off the east coast of Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed a clear affiliation of this novel strain with the family Rhodospirillaceae. Strain CL-UU02(T) formed a robust cluster with the type strains of species of the genus Rhodovibrio at 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity levels of 89.9-90.4 %. Strain CL-UU02(T) shared no more than 89 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strains of other species in the family Rhodospirillaceae. Strain CL-UU02(T) was able to grow in the presence of 2-6 % sea salts, and grew optimally at 28-30 degrees C and pH 7-8. The DNA G+C content of strain CL-UU02(T) was 66.3 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses and chemotaxonomic and physiological data, strain CL-UU02(T) is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Rhodospirillaceae, for which the name Pelagibius litoralis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pelagibius litoralis is CL-UU02(T) (=KCCM 42323(T)=JCM 15426(T)).
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ABSTRACT: The program MODELTEST uses log likelihood scores to establish the model of DNA evolution that best fits the data. AVAILABILITY: The MODELTEST package, including the source code and some documentation is available at http://bioag.byu. edu/zoology/crandall_lab/modeltest.html.Bioinformatics 02/1998; 14(9):817-8. · 5.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped actinomycete strain, named JC2055T, was isolated from a sediment sample of getbol, the tidal flat of Korea. 16S rDNA analysis revealed that the getbol isolate belonged to the genus Nocardioides with the highest sequence similarity to Nocardioides aquiterrae GW-9T (95.5%). The major menaquinone was MK-8(H4) and the predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-16 : 0 and 17 : 1omega8c. Tuberculostearic acid was absent. The G+C content of DNA was 72 mol%. Based on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomical data presented in this study, strain JC2055T can be readily differentiated from other validly named Nocardioides species. The name Nocardioides ganghwensis sp. nov. is proposed for the isolate. The type strain is JC2055T (=IMSNU 14028T=KCTC 9920T=JCM 12124T).International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 08/2004; 54(Pt 4):1295-9. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two Gram-negative, aerobic, pointed and budding bacteria were isolated from various depths of hypersaline, heliothermal and meromictic Ekho Lake (Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica). 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons show the isolates to be phylogenetically close to the genera Sulfitobacter and Roseobacter. Cells can be motile and contain storage granules. Sulfite addition does not stimulate growth. Isolate EL-38T can produce bacteriochlorophyll a and has a weak requirement for sodium ions; polar lipids include phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified amino lipid, but not diphosphatidylgycerol. The dominant fatty acid is 18:1omega7c; other characteristic fatty acids are 3-OH 10:0, 3-OH 14:1, 16:0, 18:0, 18:2 and 19:1. The DNA base composition is 55.0-56.3 mol% G+C. Isolate EL-162T has an absolute requirement for sodium ions. Diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified amino lipid are present in the polar lipids. Dominant fatty acids of this isolate are 18:1omega7c and 18:1omega9c as well as 18:2 which is present as two isomers. Other characteristic fatty acids are 3-OH 10:0, 3-OH 14:1, 16:0 and 18:0. The G+C content is 57.9-58.1 mol%. Morphological, physiological and genotypic differences from related, thus far known genera support the description of Staleya guttiformis gen. nov. and sp. nov. with EL-38T (= DSM 11458T) as the type strain and of Sulfitobacter brevis sp. nov. with the type strain EL-162T (= DSM 11443T).International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 02/2000; 50 Pt 1:303-13. · 2.11 Impact Factor