Laryngeal function after supracricoid laryngectomy.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess laryngeal function after supracricoid laryngectomy.
Supracricoid laryngectomy (SCL) has been performed in our institution for 24 selected patients with laryngeal cancer since December 2000. Reconstruction was performed through cricohyoidoepiglottopexy for 23 patients and cricohyoidopexy for 1 patient. Seven patients had ipsilateral arytenoid removal, and 15 patients underwent SCL as salvage surgery. A retrospective chart review was performed to assess postoperative speech and swallowing function. Stroboscopy and/or fiberscopy of the neoglottis were used to assess postoperative speech kinetics. Acoustic parameters were measured to evaluate vocal function, and several questionnaires were used to evaluate postoperative quality of life (QOL).
In the absence of postoperative complications, stoma closure and normal diet intake were achieved 1 month after surgery. The neoglottis comprises the arytenoid(s), epiglottis, and pyriform sinus mucosa. Several different combinations of vibrating regions were observed among patients during phonation. Although vocalization sounded rough and breathy, vocal communication was possible with little inconvenience.
Acceptable functional recovery and tolerable QOL can be achieved after SCL.
Article: Quality of voice evaluation in patients treated by supracricoid laryngectomy and modified supracricoid laryngectomy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare quality of voice in patients treated by supracricoid laryngectomy and patients treated by modified supracricoid laryngectomy using the sternohyoid muscle for neoglottis reconstruction. Case series. Setting. Teaching hospital. This study was performed between 2004 and 2008 on 28 consecutive patients affected by T1b-T2 laryngeal carcinoma. Eleven patients were treated by supracricoid laryngectomy, and 17 patients were treated by modified supracricoid laryngectomy. For each patient, postoperative parameters such as decannulation time, nasogastric feeding tube, and length of hospitalization were noted. Vocal function, Voice Handicap Index scores, and perceptual voice analysis scores on intelligibility, noise, fluency, and voice scale were evaluated. The postoperative course of the patients treated by modified supracricoid laryngectomy was similar to patients treated by supracricoid laryngectomy. No delay in the length of hospitalization was detected in patients undergoing surgery with the new technique. A significant difference was detected in the nasogastric tube removal time and decannulation time. The data from intelligibility, noise, fluency, and voice scale analyses revealed a better quality of voice in patients treated by modified supracricoid partial laryngectomy with a significant difference in intelligibility, fluency, and voicing. The Voice Handicap Index mean value of physical, functional, and emotional subscales confirmed patients' perceptions of a minor voice handicap in patients treated by modified supracricoid laryngectomy, with a significant difference on the physical subscale. Modified supracricoid laryngectomy seems to be a good way to improve quality of voice and quality of life in patients with early laryngeal cancer.Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 07/2011; 145(5):789-95. · 1.72 Impact Factor