Summary health statistics for U.S. children: National Health Interview Survey, 2007.

Division of Health Interview Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, USA.
Vital and health statistics. Series 10, Data from the National Health Survey 02/2009;
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This report presents both age-adjusted and unadjusted statistics from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) on selected health measures for children under 18 years of age, classified by sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, family structure, parent education, family income, poverty status, health insurance coverage, place of residence, region, and current health status. The topics covered are asthma, allergies, learning disability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), prescription medication use, respondent-assessed health status, school-loss days, usual place of health care, time since last contact with a health care professional, selected measures of health care access and utilization, and dental care.
The NHIS is a multistage probability sample survey conducted annually by interviewers of the U.S. Census Bureau for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics and is representative of the civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States. Data are collected for all family members during face-to-face interviews with adults present at the time of interview. Additional information about children is collected for one randomly selected child per family in face-to-face interviews with an adult proxy respondent familiar with the child's health.
In 2007, most U.S. children under 18 years of age had excellent or very good health (83%). However, 9% of children had no health insurance coverage, and 6% of children had no usual place of health care. Thirteen percent of children had ever been diagnosed with asthma. An estimated 8% of children 3-17 years of age had a learning disability, and an estimated 7% of children had ADHD.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over 25 million American children breathe polluted air on diesel school buses. Emission reduction policies exist but the health impacts to individual children have not been evaluated. Using a natural experiment, we characterized the exposures and health of 275 school bus riders before, during, and after the adoption of clean technologies and fuels between 2005 and 2009. Air pollution was measured during 597 trips on 188 school buses. Repeated measures of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), lung function (forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC)) and absenteeism were also collected monthly (1,768 visits). Mixed-effects models longitudinally related the adoption of diesel oxidation catalysts (DOC), closed crankcase ventilation systems (CCV), ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD), or biodiesel with exposures and health. Fine and ultrafine particle concentrations were 10-50% lower on buses using ULSD, DOCs, and/or CCVs. ULSD adoption was also associated with -16% (95% CI: -10, -21%) reduced FENO, 0.02 (95% CI: 0.003, 0.05) and 0.01 (95% CI: -0.006, 0.03) L/year greater changes in FVC and FEV1, respectively, and -8% (95% CI: -16.0, -0.7%) lower absenteeism with stronger associations among asthmatics. DOCs and, to a lesser extent CCVs, also were associated with improved FENO, FVC growth, and absenteeism, but these findings were primarily restricted to persistent asthmatics and were often sensitive to control for ULSD. No health benefits were noted for biodiesel. Extrapolating to the US population, changed fuel/technologies likely reduced absenteeism by >14 million/year. National and local diesel policies appear to have reduced children's exposures and improved health.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 04/2015; DOI:10.1164/rccm.201410-1924OC · 11.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the longitudinal relationship between socio-economic disadvantage (SED) and trajectories of emotional and conduct problems among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; ASD + ADHD) or not (ASD - ADHD). The sample was 209 children with ASD who took part in the UK's Millennium Cohort Study. Trajectories of problems across ages 3, 5 and 7 years were analyzed using growth curve models. The ASD - ADHD group decreased in conduct problems over time but the ASD + ADHD group continued on a high trajectory. Although SED was not a risk factor for ASD + ADHD, it was associated with elevated emotional problems among children with ASD + ADHD. This effect of SED on emotional problems was not attenuated by parenting or peer problems.
    Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10803-015-2456-z · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A successful partnership model between an academic health sciences library and a K-12 school district to provide librarians, nurses, and special education staff with access to health information to support special needs children and their parents is presented. Train-the-trainer staff sessions and a parent session were collaboratively developed. Funding support was used to purchase iPads for librarians and nurses to deliver mobile support. The results indicate the resources taught are being used to find health information and the school librarians and nurses are being sought after to assist in finding health information. Positive feedback from the school district indicates this model could be replicated in similar settings.
    Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet 03/2015; 19(1):25-39. DOI:10.1080/15398285.2014.982051