Thr54 allele of fatty-acid binding protein 2 gene is associated with obesity but not type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Caucasian population.
ABSTRACT The fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) A54T polymorphism has been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity in many but not all studies. Our aim was to investigate possible associations of FABP2 A54T polymorphism with T2DM and/or obesity in a Greek Caucasian population.
242 subjects with T2DM and 188 control subjects were genotyped for the FABP2 A54T polymorphism using PCR-RFLP method. Of the total subjects included in both groups, 172 were classified as obese (BMI >or= 30 kg/m(2)) and 258 were classified as nonobese (BMI <30 kg/m(2)).
In the whole population, 218 subjects (50.7%) were genotyped as AA, 175 subjects (40.7%) as AT, and 37 subjects (8.6%) as TT for the FABP2 A54T polymorphism. According to the dominant model, the frequency of AA genotype was significantly lower in obese than in nonobese subjects (43.0% vs 55.8%, p=0.009). No significant difference was observed in genotypes between diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. According to the additive model, the presence of TT genotype was significantly associated with obesity after adjusting for age, sex, and the presence of T2DM (OR 2.32, p=0.028).
FABP2 A54T polymorphism may help identify Caucasian subjects at risk for obesity.
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ABSTRACT: Many studies have examined the association between the FABP2 (rs1799883) Ala54Thr gene polymorphism and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk (T2DM) in various populations, but their results have been inconsistent. To assess this relationship more precisely, A HuGE review and meta-analysis were performed. The PubMed and CNKI database was searched for case-control studies published up to April 2014. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Ultimately, 13 studies, comprising 2020 T2DM cases and 2910 controls were included. Overall, for the Thr carriers (Ala/Thr and Thr/Thr) versus the wild-type homozygotes (Ala/Ala), the pooled OR was 1.18 (95% CI = 1.04–1.34, P = 0.062 for heterogeneity), for Thr/Thr versus Ala/Ala the pooled OR was 1.17 (95% CI = 1.05–1.41 P = 0.087 for heterogeneity). In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, the significantly risks were found among Asians but not Caucasians. This meta-analysis suggests that the FABP2 (rs1799883) Ala54Thr polymorphisms are associated with increased susceptibility to T2DM risk among Asians but not Caucasians.Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 11/2014; DOI:10.1111/jcmm.12385 · 3.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) is an intracellular protein expressed exclusively in the enterocytes of proximal small intestine. FABP2 has a high affinity for saturated and unsaturated long-chain fatty acids and is believed to be involved in the absorption and transport of dietary fatty acids. This is a case-control study conceded in 438 T2DM cases and 460 subjects with normal glucose levels and non-obese considered as healthy controls. Allelic discrimination was performed using TaqMan single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping was carried out by real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays using purified DNA. Clinical data and anthropometric measurements except age, weight, height, body mass index and hips of the patients were significantly different from those of the controls (p < 0.05).Statistical analyses failed to show any type of significant association of the polymorphism between cases and controls. However logistic regression analyses was suggests that the TT genotype is significantly associated with male patients (p = 0.001, Table 1). None of the allele or genotypes of FABP2 A54T was associated with T2DM cases versus the controls (AT genotype, OR = 0.85 (0.64-1.12), p = 0.25; TT genotype, OR = 0.66 (0.39-1.11), p = 0.11; T allele, 0.82 (0.67-1.02), p = 0.08). In conclusion, this study suggests that the above named variant in FABP2 gene is not potential contributor to the risk of T2DM and related traits in a Saudi population. However TT genotype is a risk factor for the disease in males.Lipids in Health and Disease 04/2014; 13(1):61. DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-13-61 · 2.31 Impact FactorThis article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFAPB) participates in the uptake, intracellular metabolism and/or transport of long chain fatty acids. A polymorphism at codon 54 in exon 2 of FABP2 gene, which encodes for the IFAPB, exchanges an Alanine for Threonine. FABP2 gene polymorphism could modify the uptake of fatty acids, and it could correlate with risk of several diseases. In the light of the potential role of the FABP2 polymorphism, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency of the Ala54Thr FABP2 polymorphism in two Middle Eastern Arab Populations. Materials and Methods: Genotyping was investigated in 182 and 120 unrelated healthy subjects from Bahrain and Jordan, respectively. A PCR-RFLP assay was applied for determination of Ala54Thr (rs1799883) FABP2 polymorphism. Allele frequencies were calculated by direct counting. Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium was evaluated using a Chi-square goodness of fit test. Results: In the studied Bahraini subjects, 52.8% were homozygous for the Ala54/Ala54 genotype, 35.7% were heterozygous for the Ala54/Thr54 genotype and 11.5% were homozygous for the Thr54/Thr54 genotype. The gene frequencies obtained in Jordanians were: 48.3%, 43.3% and 8.4% for Ala54/Ala54; Ala54/Thr54 and Thr54/Thr54 genotypes, respectively. The frequencies of the allele Ala54 and the allele Thr54 of the FABP2 gene were found to be 0.706 and 0.294 for Bahrainis and 0.700 and 0.300 for Jordanians. These results revealed a similar population polymorphism frequency as in previous European and Arab populations' studies. Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate the population frequency of the Thr54 allele in Bahraini and Jordanian populations.Türk Biyokimya Dergisi / Turkish Journal of Biochemistry 03/2014; 39(1):57-62. DOI:10.5505/tjb.2014.15870 · 0.17 Impact Factor