Usefulness of multiple dimensions of fatigue in fibromyalgia
Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg,Box 480,, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden. .Journal of rehabilitation medicine: official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.68). 06/2013; 45(7). DOI: 10.2340/16501977-1161
Objectives: To explore in which contexts ratings of multiple dimensions of fatigue are useful in fibromyalgia, and to compare multidimensional fatigue between women with fibromyalgia and healthy women. Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects and methods: The Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), comprising 5 subscales of fatigue, was compared with the 1-dimensional subscale of fatigue from the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) in 133 women with fibromyalgia (mean age 46 years; standard deviation 8.6), in association with socio-demographic and health-related aspects and analyses of explanatory variables of severe fatigue. The patients were also compared with 158 healthy women (mean age 45 years; standard deviation 9.1) for scores on MFI-20 and FIQ fatigue. Results: The MFI-20 was associated with employment, physical activity and walking capacity (rs = -0.27 to -0.36), while FIQ fatigue was not. MFI-20 and FIQ fatigue were equally associated with pain, sleep, depression and anxiety (rs = 0.32-0.63). Regression analyses showed that the MFI-20 increased the explained variance (R2) for the models of pain intensity, sleep, depression and anxiety, by between 7 and 29 percentage points, compared with if FIQ fatigue alone was included in the models. Women with fibromyalgia rated their fatigue higher than healthy women for all subscales of the MFI-20 and the FIQ fatigue (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Dimensions of fatigue, assessed by the MFI-20, appear to be valuable in studies of employment, pain intensity, sleep, distress and physical function in women with fibromyalgia. The patients reported higher levels on all fatigue dimensions in comparison with healthy women.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine the association between the 5 subscales of the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and physical function in late mid-life. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: A population-based sample of adults who participated in the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank population cohort (n = 4,964; age 49-63 years). Methods: Self-reported fatigue was measured using the MFI-20 comprising: general fatigue, physical fatigue, reduced activity, reduced motivation, and mental fatigue. Handgrip strength and chair rise tests were used as measures of physical function. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine the associations between handgrip strength and the chair rise test with the MFI-20 subscales, adjusted for potential confounders. Results: After adjustments for potential confounders, handgrip strength was associated with physical fatigue (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-0.86); p ≤ 0.001) and reduced motivation (adjusted OR 0.85 (95% CI 0.75-0.96); p ≤ 0.05), but not with the other subscales. After these adjustments, the chair rise test was associated with physical fatigue (adjusted OR 0.61 (0.53-0.69); p ≤ 0.001), general fatigue (adjusted OR 0.72 (0.62-0.84); p ≤ 0.001), reduced activity (adjusted OR 0.79 (0.70-0.90); p ≤ 0.001) and reduced motivation (adjusted OR 0.84 (0.74-0.95); p ≤ 0.01), but not with mental fatigue. Subgroup analyses for sex did not show statistically significant different associations between physical function and fatigue. Conclusion: The present study supports the physiological basis of 4 subscales of the MFI-20. The association between fatigue and function was independent of gender.Journal of rehabilitation medicine: official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 05/2014; 46(7). DOI:10.2340/16501977-1814 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Fatigue is a core symptom in fibromyalgia that can negatively affect a patient's quality of life. Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze fatigue-related data from 3 randomized, placebo-controlled trials of milnacipran (n = 3109) in fibromyalgia patients. Methods: Fatigue was assessed with the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI). Treatment effects were evaluated by changes in MFI total scores and identifying patients with improvement of 30% or greater from baseline. Path analyses were conducted to evaluate direct and indirect effects of treatment on fatigue. Results: Patients had high levels of baseline fatigue; mean MFI total score was 68.1 (of 100). After 3 months of stable-dose treatment, patients receiving milnacipran 100 and/or 200 mg/d had significant improvement in MFI total and subscale scores (P < 0.05 vs placebo). The largest treatment effect was found in patients with equal to or greater than 20% to 40% fatigue improvement. Significantly more patients met the threshold of 30% or greater with milnacipran (100 mg/d, 17.6%; 200 mg/d, 15.2%) than with placebo (9.9%); odds ratios for this responder status were 1.93 and 1.63, respectively (P < 0.05 for both doses). Path analyses indicated that up to 28% of fatigue improvement may be attributed to direct milnacipran effects (ie, not indirectly through effects on pain or other symptoms). Conclusions: Fibromyalgia patients in the milnacipran studies had high levels of baseline fatigue. Patients receiving milnacipran had statistically significant and clinically meaningful reductions in fatigue that were not completely attributable to indirect treatment effects through pain reduction. Evaluating and managing fatigue are an important clinical concern when treating patients with fibromyalgia.Journal of clinical rheumatology: practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases 06/2014; 20(4):195-202. DOI:10.1097/RHU.0000000000000103 · 1.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives To characterize a representative sample of fibromyalgia women based on a set of relevant factors known to be related to this disease. To distinguish specific factors of the disease from other symptoms that might also exist in non-fibromyalgia women. To test whether fibromyalgia affects more severely physical or psychological outcomes. Methods A total of 459 fibromyalgia women vs. 214 non-fibromyalgia (control) women from southern Spain (Andalusia) took part in this cross-sectional study. Several instruments were used to assess tenderness, impact of fibromyalgia, fatigue, health-related quality of life, mental health and cognitive performance. Results Overall, fibromyalgia women showed a worse status in pain, fatigue, health-related quality of life, depression and anxiety than controls (P<0.01). In general, the observed associations presented very large effect sizes (Cohen’s d from ~1 to ~5.5). No differences between fibromyalgia and controls were observed in cognitive and memory performance, except for delayed recall, but the observed effect size was low (~0.25). The effect size observed for the global physical component (~3.3) was larger than that for the global psychological component (~1.3), all P<0.001. Conclusions Our results reinforce the understanding of fibromyalgia as a polysymptomatic distress condition with pain as its main symptom. Our findings support that fibromyalgia seems to have a greater impact on physical than on psychological outcomes, though both are largely affected.Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2014.09.010 · 3.93 Impact Factor
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