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    ABSTRACT: We describe the development and validation of a new instrument, KEYS: Assessing the Climate for Creativity, designed to assess perceived stimulants and obstacles to creativity in organizational work environments. The KEYS scales have acceptable factor structures, internal consistencies, test-retest reliabilities, and preliminary convergent and discriminant validity. A construct validity study shows that perceived work environments, as assessed by the KEYS scales, discriminate between high-creativity projects and low-creativity projects; certain scales discriminate more strongly and consistently than others. We discuss the utility of this tool for research and practice.
    The Academy of Management Journal 10/1996; 39(5-5):1154-1184. DOI:10.2307/256995 · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes how the Competing Values Framework (Quinn, 1988) can be used to assess an organization's existing and desired culture and how one organization consultant uses the assessments of an organization's existing and desired cultures to bring about major cultural changes. A process is described that assesses what leaders or leadership teams mean when they say they want to change the culture of their organization, what benefits they expect to accrue from the desired cultural change, what action steps they will take to achieve the desired cultural change, and how evaluation can be carried out to assess whether culture change has actually been achieved. © 1993 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Human Resource Management 11/2006; 32(1):29 - 50. DOI:10.1002/hrm.3930320103 · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motivated work behavior to develop; (b) the characteristics of jobs that can create these psychological states; and (c) the attributes of individuals that determine how positively a person will respond to a complex and challenging job. The model was tested for 658 employees who work on 62 different jobs in seven organizations, and results support its validity. A number of special features of the model are discussed (including its use as a basis for the diagnosis of jobs and the evaluation of job redesign projects), and the model is compared to other theories of job design.
    Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 08/1976; 16(2-16):250-279. DOI:10.1016/0030-5073(76)90016-7


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