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ANATOMIA PARA-PROTÉTICA: IMPORTÂNCIA EM PRÓTESE TOTAL PARA-PROSTHETIC ANATOMY: IMPORTANCE IN COMPLETE DENTURES

01/2004;

ABSTRACT RESUMO O conhecimento das estruturas anatômicas da cavidade oral é fundamental para realização do tratamento protético, bem como das alterações ocorridas nos tecidos ósseo, gengival, muscular e nas articulações têmporo-mandibulares (ATM) com a perda dos dentes. Tais modificações afetam a mastigação, fonação, estética e conforto do paciente. Alterações como reabsorção óssea, hipotonicidade muscular e disfunções da ATM podem ser amenizados com um tratamento reabilitador protético adequado. O entendimento destes processos propicia a realização de uma reabilitação consciente, suprindo as necessidades e expectativas do paciente e proporcionando satisfação ao dentista. Assim, na confecção dessa prótese deve-se respeitar os limites anatômicos e fisiológicos da atuação da musculatura envolvida, analisar a área de rebordo residual, definindo corretamente a área chapeavel, diagnosticar a presença de bridas e torus e no assoalho bucal deve-se respeitar o freio lingual, as inserções dos músculos genioglosso e o fórnix gengival. Conhecer e respeitar as estruturas anatômicas é essencial para a obtenção de sucesso no tratamento de indivíduos desdentados totais.

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