Prognostic importance of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related protein expression in gastric carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is defined as switching of polarized epithelial cells to a migratory fibroblastoid phenotype. EMT is known to be involved in the progression and metastasis of various cancers. The aim was to evaluate the expression of EMT-related proteins in gastric carcinoma (GC).
The expression of nine EMT-related proteins in the GC tissues of 598 patients was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using a tissue array method. In addition, clinicopathological characteristics and survival were compared with the expression of EMT-related proteins. Loss of epithelial protein and/or acquisition of the expression of mesenchymal proteins were observed in GC. These protein alterations were associated with diffuse type histology, advanced stage and poor patient outcome, respectively. Subjects were divided into three groups according to degree of EMT-related protein alteration. Increases in alteration of EMT-related protein were found to be significantly associated with poorly differentiated histology, higher pTNM stage and unfavourable outcome. Multivariate analysis showed that alterations in the expression of EMT-related proteins were independently associated with poor prognosis.
Loss of epithelial proteins and/or the acquisition of mesenchymal proteins are associated with poorly differentiated histology, advanced stage and poor outcome in GC. The awareness and inhibition of EMT offer a promising target for prevention of metastatic progression and invasion.
SourceAvailable from: Marek Michalski[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. More than 95% of gastric cancers are adenocarcinomas originating from the glandular epithelium of the stomach lining. Unfortunately, a large number of patients are diagnosed when the tumour is at unresectable stage. Therefore, it is very important to understand the mechanisms involved in gastric cancer pathogenesis. One of them is angiogenesis, which means the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature. This process is dependent on interactions between the tumour and surrounding stromal cells which create the tumour microenvironment. Moreover, both tumour and stromal cells release a wide array of angiogenic factors that have an influence on endothelial cell recruitment and thus affect the process of angiogenesis. In this paper we discuss the role of tumour microenvironment in gastric cancer angiogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating Metastasis Associated in Colon Cancer 1 (MACC1) transcripts in plasma of gastric cancer patients. We provide for the first time a blood-based assay for transcript quantification of the metastasis inducer MACC1 in a prospective study of gastric cancer patient plasma. MACC1 is a strong prognostic biomarker for tumor progression and metastasis in a variety of solid cancers. We conducted a study to define the diagnostic and prognostic power of MACC1 transcripts using 76 plasma samples from gastric cancer patients, either newly diagnosed with gastric cancer, newly diagnosed with metachronous metastasis of gastric cancer, as well as follow-up patients. Findings were controlled by using plasma samples from 54 tumor-free volunteers. Plasma was separated, RNA was isolated, and levels of MACC1 as well as S100A4 transcripts were determined by quantitative RT-PCR. Based on the levels of circulating MACC1 transcripts in plasma we significantly discriminated tumor-free volunteers and gastric cancer patients (P < 0.001). Levels of circulating MACC1 transcripts were increased in gastric cancer patients of each disease stage, compared to tumor-free volunteers: patients with tumors without metastasis (P = 0.005), with synchronous metastasis (P = 0.002), with metachronous metastasis (P = 0.005), and patients during follow-up (P = 0.021). Sensitivity was 0.68 (95%CI: 0.45-0.85) and specificity was 0.89 (95%CI: 0.77-0.95), respectively. Importantly, gastric cancer patients with high circulating MACC1 transcript levels in plasma demonstrated significantly shorter survival when compared with patients demonstrating low MACC1 levels (P = 0.0015). Furthermore, gastric cancer patients with high circulating transcript levels of MACC1 as well as of S100A4 in plasma demonstrated significantly shorter survival when compared with patients demonstrating low levels of both biomarkers or with only one biomarker elevated (P = 0.001). Levels of circulating MACC1 transcripts in plasma of gastric cancer patients are of diagnostic value and are prognostic for patient survival in a prospective study.World Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2015; 21(1):333-41. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i1.333 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: AIM: To evaluate the effect of beta-catenin immunohistochemical expression on the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Embase to identify eligible studies. The search ended on November 10, 2013, with no lower date limit. The citation lists associated with the studies were used to identify additional eligible studies. We included studies reporting sufficient information to estimate the HR and 95%CI, and information to estimate the OR in the analysis of clinicopathological features. The qualities of these studies were assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale. HRs and ORs and their variance were calculated and pooled using Review Manager Version 5.2. RESULTS: A total of 24 studies were identified and comprised 3404 cases. beta-catenin expression was significantly correlated with poor overall survival (OS) in GC patients (HR = 1.85, 95%CI: 1.39-2.46), but showed a significant degree of heterogeneity (I-2 = 71%, P < 0.0001). Subgroup analysis indicated that an abnormal pattern of beta-catenin expression had an unfavorable effect on OS (HR = 1.79, 95%CI: 1.39-2.32). However, accumulation in the nucleus or loss of membrane did not influence the survival of GC patients independently. Moreover, the combined OR of beta-catenin indicated that beta-catenin expression was associated with Lauren classification (OR = 1.98, 95%CI: 1.19-3.29), lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.00, 95%CI: 1.44-2.77), distant metastasis (OR = 2.69, 95%CI: 1.35-5.38) and grade of differentiation (OR = 2.68, 95%CI: 1.66-4.34). beta-catenin expression did not correlate with TNM stage (OR = 1.34 95%CI: 0.96-1.86), the depth of invasion (OR = 1.48, 95%CI: 0.94-2.33) or vascular invasion (OR = 1.11, 95%CI: 0.70-1.76). CONCLUSION: Abnormal beta-catenin immunohistochemical expression may be associated with tumor progression and could be a predictive factor of poor prognosis in patients with GC.World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2014; 20(34):12313-21. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v20.i34.12313 · 2.43 Impact Factor