Article

The Dual Control model: Current status and future directions

The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, Indiana University, USA.
The Journal of Sex Research (Impact Factor: 2.53). 04/2009; 46(2-3):121-42. DOI: 10.1080/00224490902747222
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Dual Control Model proposes that sexual responses involve an interaction between sexual excitatory and sexual inhibitory processes. The model further postulates that individuals vary in their propensity for both sexual excitation and sexual inhibition, and that such variations help us to understand much of the variability in human sexuality. The development of psychometrically validated instruments for measuring such propensities for men (Sexual Inhibition/Sexual Excitation Scales) and for women (Sexual Excitation/Sexual Inhibition Inventory for Women) is described. These measures show close to normal variability in both men and women, supporting the concept that "normal" levels of inhibition proneness are adaptive. The relevance of the model to sexual development, sexual desire, the effects of aging, sexual identity, and the relation between mood and sexuality are discussed, and the available evidence is reviewed. Particular attention is paid to gender differences and similarities in propensities for sexual excitation and inhibition. Research findings related to sexual problems, high-risk sexual behavior, and the relevance of this model to clinical management of such problems are also summarized. Last, ideas for future use and further development of the Dual Control Model are considered.

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    • "research has indicated that compared to men, women focus more on inhibitory processes while men focus on excitatory processes (Bancroft, Graham, Janssen, & Sanders, 2009). The dual control model posits that sexual behavior reflects a balance between sexual excitatory and inhibitory processes (Bancroft et al., 2009). Emotions are likely candidates that could exert excitatory or inhibitory influences on human sexual arousal, depending on emotional valence. "
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    • "An experimenter explained the procedures and showed the measurement devices. After the participant read and signed the informed consent form, the experimenter left the room and the participant put, after lowering his pants, the RigiScan in place and a disposable sheet and towel on his lap, a procedure commonly used in studies of this kind (Janssen, Goodrich, Petrocelli, & Bancroft, 2009). After the device was put in place, the experimenter reentered the room and attached the EMG electrodes. "
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    • "In Basson's model, emotional intimacy with a partner may render women sexually aroused through specific stimuli, of which physical contact (the tactile sense) is pre-eminent (Basson, 2001). Bancroft et al. developed the dual-control (excitation/inhibition ) model of the sexual response and emphasized its neurophysiologic substrate (Bancroft et al., 2009). In their model, tactile stimuli give excitatory (or inhibitory) input to the spinal cord, thereby mediating the genital arousal response. "
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