Pollens from the Salsola spp. are an important source of respiratory allergy in tropical countries. Our aim was to characterize the IgE binding proteins of S. incanescens pollen extract and study its cross-reactivity with S. kali pollen allergens.
Prick tests with S. kali and S. incanescens pollen extracts were performed on eight respiratory allergy patients from Mashhad, Northeast Iran. The antigenic profiles and IgE-binding patterns of S. kali and S. incanescens pollen extracts were compared by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting, using individual sera from the salsola pollen-sensitive patients. Cross-reactivity of proteins in the two weeds was assessed by IgE- immunoblotting inhibition.
S. kali and S. incanescens pollen extracts showed similar IgE-binding profiles in Western blotting. The IgE binding components of 39, 45, 66 and 85 kDa were detected in both pollen extracts. Furthermore, inhibition of the immunoblots revealed extensive inhibition of IgE binding to proteins and a close relationship between these two weeds allergens.
S. incanescens pollen is a potent allergen source with several IgE binding components that shows a close allergenic relationship with S. kali. Our results suggest that in S. incanescens-rich areas, S. kali pollen extracts could be used as a diagnostic reagent for allergic patients to S. incanescens pollen.
"In tropical areas, the importance of the Kochia and the most allergenic members of the Amaranthaceae (S. kali, A. retroflexus) and Fabaceae (P. juliflora and A. farnesiana) families pollens have been described as causes of respiratory allergy (Al-Frayh et al. 1999; Assarehzadegan et al. 2013a, b; Fereidouni et al. 2009; Shamsbiranvand et al. 2014). This study was carried out to detect the amino acid sequence homology of profilins from allergenic regional plants. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kochia scoparia pollen has been demonstrated as an important cause of pollinosis in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. The aim of this study was to characterize the IgE-binding protein of the Kochia pollen extract and production of recombinant form of allergenic profilin of this weed. To predict its allergenic cross-reactivity with profilins of common allergenic plants, nucleotide sequence homology of Kochia profilin was evaluated. Specific ELISA and immunoblotting assay were applied to determine the IgE-binding reactivity of 28 sera collected from patients who were sensitized to Kochia pollen. In cloning procedure, the Kochia profilin-coding sequence was inserted into PTZ57R/T vector and expressed using pET-21b(+) vector. IgE-binding competence of purified recombinant Kochia profilin (rKoc s 2) was analyzed by in vitro assays. There were several protein bands in Kochia pollen extract with molecular weights approximately ranging from 14.5 to 85 kDa. Nucleotide sequencing revealed an open reading frame of 399 bp encoding for 133 amino acid residues which belonged to the profilin family; 15 patients (15/28, 53.1 %) had significant specific IgE levels for the rKoc s 2. Immunodetection and inhibition assays indicated that the purified rKoc s 2 might be the same as that in the crude extract. Koc s 2, the first allergen from the Kochia pollen was identified as a member of the family of profilins. High degree of homology was found among amino acid sequences of Kochia profilin and several profilin molecules from unrelated plant families.
Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 06/2015; 58(3):443-451. DOI:10.1007/s13765-015-0063-5 · 0.69 Impact Factor
"Several studies reported that proteins with apparent MWs of 45 and 66 kDa are allergenic in the pollen extracts of mesquite  and the selected member of the Chenopodiaceae family [10, 19]. The results of immunoblotting inhibition revealed that the IgE binding reactivity of the allergenic proteins with 12, 20, 39, and 45 from the A. farnesiana pollen extract was partially inhibited by all four pollen extracts and also partially with K. scoparia pollen extract. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pollen from the Acacia has been reported as an important source of pollinosis in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The aim of this study was to characterize the IgE binding protein of Acacia farnesiana pollen extract and evaluate cross-reactivity with the most allergenic pollens. In this study, pollen extract was fractionated by SDS-PAGE and the allergenic profile was determined by IgE-immunoblotting and specific ELISA using forty-two Acacia allergic patients. Potential cross-reactivity among Acacia and selected allergenic plants was evaluated with ELISA and immunoblotting inhibition experiments. There were several resolved protein fractions on SDS-PAGE which ranged from 12 to 85 kDa. Several allergenic protein bands with molecular weights approximately between 12 and 85 kDa were recognized by IgE-specific antibodies from Acacia allergic patients in the immunoblot assay. The inhibition by the Prosopis juliflora pollen extract was more than those by other pollen extracts. Moreover, the wheal diameters generated by the Acacia pollen extract were highly correlated with those of P. juliflora pollen extracts. The findings suggest that several proteins such as 15, 23, 45, and 50 kDa proteins could be used as diagnostic and therapeutic reagents for patients allergic to A. farnesiana and P. juliflora.
Journal of Allergy 05/2014; 2014(3):409056. DOI:10.1155/2014/409056
"Whether sensitization to S. kali is due to cross-reactivity with S. imbricata should be further investigated because allergenic cross-reactivity between several Salsola spp. has been described . Sensitization to other members of the Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae families also seems prevalent in the region . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:: Airborne allergens vary from one climatic region to another. Therefore, it is important to analyze the environment of the region to select the most prevalent allergens for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic patients. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the prevalence of positive skin tests to pollen and fungal allergens collected from local indigenous plants or isolated molds, as well as other outdoor and indoor allergens in allergic patients in 6 different geographical areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the United Arab Emirates, and Sudan. MATERIAL AND METHODS:: Four hundred ninety-two consecutive patients evaluated at different Allergy Clinics (276 women and 256 men; mean age, 30 years) participated in this study. The selection of indigenous allergens was based on research findings in different areas from Riyadh and adjoining areas. Indigenous raw material for pollen grains was collected from the desert near the capital city of Riyadh, KSA. The following plants were included: Chenopodium murale, Salsola imbricata, Rumex vesicarius, Ricinus communis, Artiplex nummularia, Amaranthus viridis, Artemisia monosperma, Plantago boissieri, and Prosopis juliflora. Indigenous molds were isolated from air sampling in Riyadh and grown to obtain the raw material. These included the following: Ulocladium spp., Penicillium spp., Aspergillus fumigatus, Cladosporium spp., and Alternaria spp. The raw material was processed under Good Manufacturing Practices for skin testing. Other commercially available outdoor (grass and tree pollens) and indoor (mites, cockroach, and cat dander) allergens were also tested. RESULTS:: The highest sensitization to indigenous pollens was detected to C. murale (32%) in Khartoum (Sudan) and S. imbricata (30%) and P. juliflora (24%) in the Riyadh region. The highest sensitization to molds was detected in Khartoum, especially to Cladosporium spp. (42%), Aspergillus (40%), and Alternaria spp. (38%). Sensitization to mites was also very prevalent in Khartoum (72%), as well as in Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) (46%) and Jeddah (KSA) (30%). CONCLUSIONS:: The allergenicity of several indigenous pollens and molds derived from autochthonous sources was demonstrated. Prevalence studies in different regions of KSA and neighbor countries indicate different sensitization rates to these and other outdoor and indoor allergens.
World Allergy Organization Journal 06/2012; 5(6):59-65. DOI:10.1097/WOX.0b013e31825a73cd
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