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    ABSTRACT: Nailfold capillaroscopy is widely used in autoimmune patients to determine capillary morphology. Laser Doppler imaging (LDI) is a relatively new method for measuring the microcirculation of cutaneous perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the capillary morphology and microcirculation among patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and poly/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) with these two non-invasive methods and to detect secondary Raynaud's syndrome (SRS) in these autoimmune diseases. Thirty patients with primary SS, 30 patients with PM/DM, 30 patients with primary Raynaud's syndrome (PRS), and 30 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Nailfold capillaroscopy and LDI were performed on each patient. A comprehensive analysis was performed among the patients and healthy individuals. Among SS patients avascularity and among PM/DM patients avascularity and capillary morphology changes were most often detected by capillaroscopy. With LDI the mean steady-state cutaneous perfusion was 1.25 perfusion units (PU) in region of interest 1 (ROI1), 1.22 in ROI2, and 1.49 at the fingertips in PRS patients; the corresponding values were 1.2, 1.03, and 1.48 PU in SS, 0.91, 0.76, and 1.19 PU in PM/DM, and 1.79, 1.62, and 2.2 PU in the controls. The differences were significant between each autoimmune group compared to the control group (p<0.02, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively). By using nailfold capillaroscopy, abnormalities in capillary morphology can be detected, and by using LDI, the reduced blood flow in the capillaries can be detected. These investigations can be useful in the detection of SRS, or in distinguishing whether the reduced blood flow is due to primary/systemic autoimmune diseases.
    Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 01/2008; 37(1):23-9. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) have been detected in 19 to 30% of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The objective of this study was first to assess the role of a secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in the occurrence of AECA in SSc. Secondly, we researched AECA in patients with primary SS, and investigated whether AECA were associated with vascular manifestations (Raynaud's phenomenon and vasculitis). IgG-AECA were tested by an ELISA method in serum samples from 50 patients with SSc (16 of them had also a secondary SS), 50 patients with primary SS, and 50 healthy controls. AECA levels were significantly higher in patients with SSc or primary SS than in healthy controls (p < 0.01 and p < 0.01, respectively). In patients with SSc, AECA values were significantly higher in patients with secondary SS (p < 10(-5)). In patients with primary SS, AECA levels were significantly higher in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (p < 0.01), but not in patients with vasculitis. In patients with SSc, AECA are associated with a secondary SS. In patients with primary SS, AECA are associated with Raynaud's phenomenon, but not with vasculitis.
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 05/1997; 56(4):230-4. · 9.11 Impact Factor
  • Arthritis & Rheumatology 10/1981; 24(9):1159-65. · 7.48 Impact Factor

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May 21, 2014