Article

Evaluating the usefulness of dynamic pollutant fate models for implementing the EU Water Framework Directive

BIOMATH, Department of Applied Mathematics, Biometrics and Process Control, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Chemosphere (Impact Factor: 3.5). 04/2009; 76(1):27-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.02.046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) aims at achieving a good ecological and chemical status of surface waters in river basins by 2015. The chemical status is considered good if the Environmental Quality Standards (EQSs) are met for all substances listed on the priority list and eight additional specific emerging substances. To check compliance with these standards, the WFD requires the establishment of monitoring programmes. The minimum measuring frequency for priority substances is currently set at once per month. This can result in non-representative sampling and increased probability of misinterpretation of the surface water quality status. To assist in the classification of the water body, the combined use of monitoring data and pollutant fate models is recommended. More specifically, dynamic models are suggested, as possible exceedance of the quality standards can be predicted by such models. In the presented work, four realistic scenarios are designed and discussed to illustrate the usefulness of dynamic pollutant fate models for implementing the WFD. They comprise a combination of two priority substances and two rivers, representative for Western Europe.

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