Veterinarian injuries associated with bovine TB testing livestock in Michigan, 2001

Michigan Department of Community Health, 201 Townsend, P.O. Box 30195, Lansing, MI 48909, USA.
Preventive Veterinary Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.51). 04/2009; 89(3-4):185-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.02.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Testing all the cattle in an entire state with a uniform procedure for each animal affords an opportunity to relate human injury data to a known number of animals handled while carrying out a standardized procedure. Our objective was to describe the type and incidence density of injuries associated with TB-testing a large number of cattle herds, and to delineate the various factors associated with the risk of injury. A survey was mailed to all veterinarians (N = 259) who had completed at least five official bovine TB (bTB) herd tests in Michigan in 2001. We collected data regarding basic demographics and health status, work experience, veterinary specialty, and practice information. Each veterinarian was also requested to complete a separate injury questionnaire for each injury received while TB testing livestock in 2001. Accurate addresses were found for 247 eligible veterinarians, 175 (71%) of whom returned the survey. Thirty-six veterinarians reported a total of 53 injuries (10 major, 12 minor and 31 self-treated). Hands (29%) and legs (21%) were the anatomic locations most frequently injured, with sprains/strains (30%) and abrasion/contusion (30%) the most common types of injuries sustained. The overall incidence density of injuries was 1.9 per 10,000 animals tested. Female gender (RR = 3.3), being employed by the government (RR = 4.5), and smoking (RR = 6.0) were significantly associated with a higher rate of injury. Significant colliniearities were found between some risk factors associated with an increased rate of injury and participants thought 81% of their injuries could have been prevented. These results are explained by the administrative structure of the bTB testing program in Michigan, and the changing demographics of the veterinary workforce.

Download full-text


Available from: Melinda J Wilkins, Jul 28, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in UK cattle is increasing rapidly. Consequently, the UK Government is spending escalating sums of money in attempts at disease control. We propose that bTB control in cattle is irrelevant as a public health policy. In the UK, cattle-to-human transmission is negligible. Aerosol transmission, the only probable route of human acquisition, occurs at inconsequential levels when milk is pasteurised, even when bTB is highly endemic in cattle. Furthermore, there is little evidence for a positive cost benefit in terms of animal health of bTB control. Such evidence is required; otherwise, there is little justification for the large sums of public money spent on bTB control in the UK.
    Trends in Microbiology 11/2009; 18(2):67-72. DOI:10.1016/j.tim.2009.11.002 · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Incentives are used to increase response proportions to postal questionnaires. Our objective was to compare the response proportions between incentive groups receiving a $1 bill, pen, both and none with a postal questionnaire for a veterinary public health survey conducted among veterinarians in Texas. We mailed questionnaires to a random sample of veterinarians (n=683) from Texas with three types of incentives viz. $1 bill (n=118), pen (n=111), $1 bill with pen (n=114), and questionnaire only (n=340). A total of 303 (44%; 95% confidence interval, CI: 41-48) responses were received with the lowest response proportion of 37% (95% CI: 32-43) in the no incentive group and highest response proportion of 57% (95% CI: 47-66) in $1 bill incentive group. Compared to no incentive, the response proportions were significantly higher (P<0.01) in groups receiving $1 bill, $1 bill with pen, and all incentives combined ($1 bill, a pen or both). The addition of a pen only did not improve response proportion. These findings support the use of $1 bill but not a pen alone as an effective incentive to increase response proportions to a postal questionnaire.
    Preventive Veterinary Medicine 11/2009; 93(1):62-5. DOI:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.10.011 · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although stress is known to be a common occupational health issue in the veterinary profession, few studies have investigated its broad domains or the internal validity of the survey instrument used for assessment. We analysed data from over 500 veterinarians in Queensland, Australia, who were surveyed during 2006-07. The most common causes of stress were reported to be long hours worked per day, not having enough holidays per year, not having enough rest breaks per day, the attitude of customers, lack of recognition from the public and not having enough time per patient. Age, gender and practice type were statistically associated with various aspects of work-related stress. Strong correlations were found between having too many patients per day and not having enough time per patient; between not having enough holidays and long working hours; and also between not enough rest breaks per day and long working hours. Factor analysis revealed four dimensions of stress comprising a mixture of career, professional and practice-related items. The internal validity of our stress questionnaire was shown to be high during statistical analysis. Overall, this study suggests that workplace stress is fairly common among Australian veterinarians and represents an issue that occupies several distinct areas within their professional life.
    Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 12/2009; 4:32. DOI:10.1186/1745-6673-4-32 · 1.23 Impact Factor
Show more