Hemodynamic characterization of the Sorin Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis at rest and exercise

Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center Munich, Munich, Germany.
The Journal of heart valve disease (Impact Factor: 0.75). 02/2009; 18(1):95-100.
Source: PubMed


Although the long-term clinical outcome after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with the Sorin Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis has been well described, few data are available with regards to hemodynamic performance. On the basis of its specialized design, with the pericardium mounted on the outside of the stent, the Mitroflow valve is considered to provide optimal opening and orifice areas.
Between February 2006 and April 2007, a total of 127 patients (66 females, 61 males; mean age 77.6 +/- 5.2 years) underwent AVR with the Mitroflow valve at the authors' institution. Echocardiography was performed at discharge in 91 patients, while a six-month follow up examination was conducted in 78 (including ergometer hemodynamics in 25 cases).
The mean systolic pressure gradient (MPG) ranged from 19.7 +/- 3.3 mmHg (size 19 valve) to 12.4 +/- 2.4 mmHg (size 27 valve), and the mean effective orifice area (EOA) from 0.96 +/- 0.0 cm2 (size 19 valve) to 2.36 +/- 0.4 cm2 (size 27 valve). The incidence of mild-to-moderate and severe prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) was 33% and 10% at the six-month follow up. During exercise (25 W-100 W), the MPG increased from 17.1 +/- 3.6 mmHg to 23.6 mmHg in valve sizes 19 to 21, and from 12.2 +/- 3.6 mmHg to 15.9 +/- 2.5 mmHg in valve sizes 23 to 27. The effective orifice fraction (EOF = EOA/annulus area) was 38 +/- 7%.
The Mitroflow valve exhibits an adequate MPG and EOA, as might be expected for a pericardial bioprosthesis. Of note, the gradient increase during exercise was low, especially for the larger valve sizes. Due to its special design, the Mitroflow prosthesis shows a large opening, as demonstrated by the high EOF. These data relating to the EOA of all prosthesis sizes may help surgeons to select the minimum prosthesis size in order to prevent PPM.

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    ABSTRACT: Documentation of the hemodynamics of the Mitroflow aortic pericardial bioprosthesis has been incomplete. The aim of the study was to provide reference effective orifice areas for the implant calculation of effective orifice area indexes to avoid prosthesis-patient mismatch. Echocardiograms were evaluated in 55 patients (39 females, 16 males), mean age 77.0 +/- 6.9 years (range 51-90 years). The mean time of the studies was 11.0 months. The prosthesis sizes and numbers evaluated were 19 mm (n = 13), 21 mm (n = 19), 23 mm (n = 13) and 25 mm (n = 10). Peak aortic velocities averaged from 2.2 to 2.7 m/sec, mean gradients from 10.6 to 15.1 mmHg, peak gradients from 20.7 to 29.7 mmHg, and effective orifice area (EOA) from 1.4 to 1.8 cm (2). When accounting for the subaortic velocity, mean gradients averaged from 7.5 to 10.0 mmHg, and peak gradients averaged 15.1 to 23.5 mmHg. The effective orifice area indexes ranged from 0.8 to 1.0 cm (2)/m (2). The mean postoperative left ventricular mass index was 101.6 gm/m (2). The IN VIVO effective orifice areas by valve size of the Mitroflow aortic pericardial bioprosthesis provide the opportunity of avoiding obstructive characteristics for all valve sizes, including optimizing the management of the small aortic annulus.
    The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 03/2010; 58(2):69-75. DOI:10.1055/s-0029-1240626 · 0.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: A multicentre experience with the Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis has been evaluated longitudinally over a 20-year period. METHODS: From 1988 through 2008, 1591 patients (mean age, 75.3±6.8 years, and 60.1% female) from 12 centres had a Mitroflow in the aortic position. Concomitant coronary artery bypass was performed in 41.9% (n=666) of patients, urgency/emergency surgery in 9.5% (n=152) and replacement of degenerated prosthesis in 2.3% (n=36). Follow-up (7.447 patient-years) was 99.2% complete. Median follow-up was 61.9 months (interquartile range (IQR) 30.8-90.9 months). The study was carried out following American Association for Thoracic Surgery/Society for Thoracic Surgeons/European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (AATS/STS/EACTS) Guidelines for reporting valve morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: The early (30-day) mortality was 6.5% (n=104). Actuarial survival rates at 10, 15 and 18 years were 53%, 34% and 27%, respectively (2.2 patient/year). Re-operation was required in 96 patients (5.9%), of whom 59 patients (3.7%) for structural valve degeneration. Actuarial freedom from prosthetic valve degeneration at 18 years was 65.5% (78% in patients>70 years) with a linearised rate of 1.4 patient/year (0.8 patient/year in patients>70 years). At 18 years, freedom from embolism was 82% (0.9 patient/year), freedom from valve endocarditis was 89% (0.6 patient/year) and freedom from bleeding episodes was 95% (0.2 patient/year), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This independent multicentre study indicates that the Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis provides favourable long-term postoperative results with a low rate of valve-related events and need of re-intervention, particularly in patients older than 70 years.
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    Current Cardiology Reports 02/2011; 13(3):226-33. DOI:10.1007/s11886-011-0169-2 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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