The NER proteins are differentially expressed in ever smokers and in never smokers with lung adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT The expression levels of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1), replication protein A (RPA) and xeroderma pigmentosum group F (XPF) nucleotide excision repair proteins may be important in the response to platin-based therapy in lung cancer patients. It is not known whether ERCC1, RPA and XPF expression levels differ between ever smokers (ES) and never smokers (NS).
ERCC1, RPA and XPF expression levels were immunohistochemically evaluated in 125 patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma (AC) and carefully reviewed smoking status.
ERCC1 was correlated with XPF (P = 0.001), but not with RPA (P = 0.11). In the univariate analysis, ERCC1 and XPF levels were higher in NS compared with ES (P = 0.004 and P = 0.003, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, the smoking status was predictive of the ERCC1 level [odds ratio (OR) 2.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-6.2] after adjustment for variables linked to the smoking status, including age and the presence of bronchioloalveolar (BAC) features. The smoking status was also predictive of both RPA (OR 6.7, 95% CI 1.5-33.3) and XPF levels (OR 12.5, 95% CI 2.9-50) after adjusting for age, sex and BAC features.
In patients with resected lung AC, ERCC1, RPA and XPF expression levels are higher in NS compared with ES.
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ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress appears to play an essential role as a secondary messenger in the normal regulation of a variety of physiological processes, such as apoptosis, survival, and proliferative signaling pathways. Oxidative stress also plays important roles in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including aging, degenerative disease, and cancer. Among cancers, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer in the Western world. Lung cancer is the commonest fatal cancer whose risk is dependent on the number of cigarettes smoked per day as well as the number of years smoking, some components of cigarette smoke inducing oxidative stress by transmitting or generating oxidative stress. It can be subdivided into two broad categories, small cell lung cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer, the latter is the most common type. Distinct measures of primary and secondary prevention have been investigated to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality caused by lung cancer. Among them, it seems that physical activity and nutrition have some beneficial effects. However, physical activity can have different influences on carcinogenesis, depending on energy supply, strength and frequency of exercise loads as well as the degree of exercise-mediated oxidative stress. Micronutrient supplementation seems to have a positive impact in lung surgery, particularly as an antioxidant, even if the role of micronutrients in lung cancer remains controversial. The purpose of this review is to examine lung cancer in relation to oxidative stress, physical activity, and nutrition.Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 09/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Expression of DNA-repair proteins and activated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) may differ according to smoking status. The authors investigated whether p38 MAPK activity contributed to the viability of cisplatin in lung cancer cell lines from never or light smokers and to ERCC1 mRNA expression. Activated p38 MAPK was tested as a predictor for ERCC1 levels in 117 lung adenocarcinomas. Cell viabilities of NCI-H1975, NCI-H1793, NCI-H1650, and NCI-H1651 cell lines, derived from never or light smokers, were measured after treatment with the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB202190 and cisplatin. The role of p38α (MAPK14) and p38β (MAPK11) isoforms and ERCC1 was evaluated using RNA interference. ERCC1 protein-level expression was predicted by activated p38 MAPK in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. The p38-specific inhibitor SB202190 strongly decreased cell viability (43%-63%). SB202190 plus cisplatin significantly decreased cell viability in every cell line, including cisplatin-resistant NCI-H1793. Genetic inhibition, targeting both MAPK11 and MAPK14, reduced the viability of the different cell lines: down-regulation of p38β accounted for most of this effect. Cisplatin's effect was greater after MAPK11 down-regulation for NCI-H1651, and MAPK14 down-regulation for NCI-H1650. In addition, both SB202190 and MAPK11 inhibition reduced excision repair cross-complementing 1 mRNA levels. Lung cancer cells from never or light smokers rely on p38 MAPK signaling for survival. MAPK11 is involved in that pathway and might contribute to ERCC1 expression. Sensitization to cisplatin can be achieved by pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.Cancer 03/2012; 118(20):5015-25. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The determination of in situ protein levels of ERCC1 with the 8F1 monoclonal antibody is prognostic of survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The authors previously demonstrated that 8F1 recognizes a second nuclear antigen. This antigen was identified and its value as a biomarker of clinical outcomes analyzed. The second antigen was identified by mass spectrometry. Protein identity and antibody specificity were confirmed through knockdown and overexpression experiments. Immunohistochemistry of 187 early-stage NSCLC samples and 60 head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) was used to examine the influence of the second antigen on 8F1 immunoreactivity and its association with patient outcomes. Choline phosphate cytidylyltransferase-α (CCTα, also known as phosphate cytidylyltransferase 1 choline alpha [PCYT1A], a phospholipid synthesis enzyme regulated by RAS) is the second antigen recognized by 8F1. In NSCLC samples, CCTα contributed (rho, 0.38) to 8F1 immunoreactivity. In samples of squamous cell carcinomas of the lung, CCTα was found to be the dominant determinant of 8F1 immunoreactivity, whereas its contribution in other subtypes of lung cancer was negligible. High expression of CCTα, but not ERCC1, was found to be prognostic of longer disease-free survival (log-rank P = .002) and overall survival (log-rank P = .056). Similarly, in patients with HNSCC, CCTα contributed strongly to 8F1 immunoreactivity (rho, 0.74), and high CCTα expression was found to be prognostic of survival (log-rank P = .022 for disease-free survival and P = .027 for overall survival). CCTα is the second antigen detected by 8F1. High CCTα expression appears to be prognostic of survival in patients with NSCLC who are treated by surgery alone and patients with HNSCC. CCTα is a promising biomarker of patient survival and deserves further study. Cancer. © 2014 American Cancer Society.Cancer 04/2014; · 5.20 Impact Factor