Chromogenic In Situ Hybridization Is a Reliable Method for Detecting HER2 Gene Status in Breast Cancer A Multicenter Study Using Conventional Scoring Criteria and the New ASCO/CAP Recommendations
ABSTRACT Chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) has shown the potential to replace fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to determine HER2 gene status. To validate the reliability of CISH, we used 226 consecutive breast carcinomas from 2 institutions and tested CISH and FISH on the same tumor set simultaneously at different test sites. Besides manufacturers' scoring criteria, the new American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) guidelines were used to interpret HER2 status. The concordance between CISH and FISH for positive and negative results was 98.5% at site A and 98.6% at site B using the manufacturers' criteria, and 99.0% at site A and 99.1% at site B using the ASCO/CAP criteria. Reproducibility of CISH results was more than 98.0% among 3 sites using the manufacturers' criteria and 100.0% between 2 sites using the ASCO/CAP criteria. Our results confirm that CISH is reliable for HER2 testing per ASCO/CAP guidelines.
SourceAvailable from: Maiken Lise Marcker[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose was to evaluate and compare 5 different HER2 genetic assays with different characteristics that could affect the performance to analyze the human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) gene copy number under low and high throughput conditions. The study included 108 tissue samples from breast cancer patients with HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) results scored as 0/1+, 2+, and 3+. HER2 genetic status was analysed using chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Scoring results were documented through digital image analysis. The cancer region of interest was identified from a serial H&E stained slide following tissue cores were transferred to a tissue microarrays (TMA). When using TMA in a routine flow, all patients will be tested for HER2 status with IHC followed by CISH or FISH, thereby providing individual HER2 results. In conclusion, our results show that the differences between the HER2 genetic assays do not have an effect on the analytic performance and the CISH technology is superior to high throughput HER2 genetic testing due to scanning speed, while the IQ-FISH may still be a choice for fast low throughput HER2 genetic testing.12/2013; 2013:368731. DOI:10.1155/2013/368731
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ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemical expression of ERα, encoded by the ESR1 (estrogen receptor 1) gene located at 6q25.1, is the most important determinant of responsiveness to endocrine therapy in breast cancer. The prevalence and significance of ESR1 amplification in breast cancer remain controversial. We set out to assess ESR1 status and its relevance in breast cancer in Taiwan. We tested tissue samples from 311 invasive carcinomas in a tissue microarray for ESR1 status by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). In order to examine its association with ERα and ESR1 status, HER2 status was determined by FISH. Of the carcinomas, 58.8 % (183/311) was ERα positive. None of the carcinomas showed amplification of ESR1 by either method, whereas 24.1 % (75/311) of the carcinomas harbored HER2 amplification. Of the carcinomas, 9.6 % (26/301) showed ESR1 gain (1.3 ≤ ratio ESR1/chromosome 6 < 2) by FISH and 10 % (24/299) by CISH. FISH and CISH results showed a good correlation (κ-coefficient = 0.786). ESR1 gain by FISH and CISH was significantly associated with high-grade (P = 0.0294 and 0.0417, respectively) but not with ERα expression, HER2 status, or overall survival. ERα positivity was significantly associated with better overall survival (P = 0.039). HER2 amplification was significantly related with poor overall survival (P = 0.002). Our data confirm that in breast cancer, HER2 amplification is a frequent genetic aberration and a negative prognostic factor, and show that ESR1 amplification is not a key genetic abnormality in the tumorigenesis of breast cancer in Taiwan.Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 04/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00428-014-1576-8 · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Molecular tests are increasingly used in the diagnosis of cancers.The information gained from looking at the genetic characteristics of the cancer can be of importance for the treatment decision. Many of the molecular tests, involving PCR (polymerase chain reaction) or sequencing techniques, are performed by specialized genetic laboratories or cytology laboratories. However, with the introduction of the chromogenic technique that transforms the fluorescent signals to signals that are visible in a standard bright field microscope, some of these tests have moved back to the pathology laboratory. This chapter will focus on the immunohistochemical (IHC) aspects of molecular testing for genetic aberrations in cancer.Immunohistochemical Staining Methods, Sixth Edition edited by Clive R Taylor, Lars Rudbeck, 12/2013: chapter Chapter 13: pages 152-158; Dako Denmark.