Correlation between efficacy and skin rash occurrence following treatment with the epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor cetuximab: a single institution retrospective analysis.
ABSTRACT Several trials show a relationship between skin toxicity, response rate, and overall survival in cetuximab-treated patients. We analyzed our database to evaluate the importance of skin rash as a surrogate marker of favorable outcome in cancer patients referred to our institution in the last three years. We retrospectively analyzed 90 cetuximab-treated patients: 57 colon cancer patients, 10 NSCLC patients, 14 locally advanced esophageal cancer patients, and 9 miscellaneous. A significant correlation was observed between skin rash and response to therapy. Skin rash was experienced by 93% of PR and 100% of CR patients. The mean TTP was 184 days in patients showing skin rash and 94 days in patients without skin rash, respectively. On multivariate analysis, skin rash was demonstrated to be the only independent prognostic variable with regard to TTP. Patients who did not develop skin rash had a 2-fold greater likelihood to manifest tumor progression significantly earlier than patients who developed skin rash. In our series, a statistically significant correlation between rash, response rate, and TTP was demonstrated in 90 cetuximab-treated patients. Skin toxicity was confirmed as the only clinical variable able to predict the response to cetuximab.
Article: Oncologic outcome after cessation or dose reduction of capecitabine in patients with colon cancer.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Oral capecitabine has been used as adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer patients since the 1990s. Patient-initiated cessation or reduced use of capecitabine occurs widely for various reasons, yet the consequences of these actions are unclear. The present study sought to clarify treatment outcomes in such patients. The study included 173 patients who had been diagnosed with stage II or III colon cancer according to the pathologic report after radical surgery at Samsung Medical Center from May 2005 to June 2007 and who had received capecitabine as adjuvant therapy. The patients were divided into groups according to whether the dose was reduced (I, dose maintenance; II, dose reduction) or stopped (A, cycle completion; B, cycle cessation). Recurrence and disease-free survival rates between the two groups each were analyzed. Of the 173 patients, 128 (74.6%) experienced complications, most frequently hand-foot syndrome (n = 114). Reduction (n = 35) or cessation (n = 18) of medication was most commonly due to complications. Concerning reduced dosage, both groups displayed no statistically significant differences in recurrence rate and 3-year disease-free survival rate. Concerning discontinued medication use, the cycle completion group showed an improved recurrence rate (P = 0.048) and 3-year disease-free survival rate (P = 0.028). The results demonstrate that maintaining compliance with capecitabine as an adjuvant treatment for colon cancer to preventing complications positively affects patient prognosis.Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 08/2010; 26(4):287-92.