Kilpivaara O, Mukherjee S, Schram AM, Wadleigh M, Mullally A, Ebert BL et al.. A germline JAK2 SNP is associated with predisposition to the development of JAK2(V617F)-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms. Nat Genet 41: 455-459

Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.
Nature Genetics (Impact Factor: 29.35). 05/2009; 41(4):455-9. DOI: 10.1038/ng.342
Source: PubMed


Polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis are myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) characterized by multilineage clonal hematopoiesis. Given that the identical somatic activating mutation in the JAK2 tyrosine kinase gene (JAK2(V617F)) is observed in most individuals with polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis, there likely are additional genetic events that contribute to the pathogenesis of these phenotypically distinct disorders. Moreover, family members of individuals with MPN are at higher risk for the development of MPN, consistent with the existence of MPN predisposition loci. We hypothesized that germline variation contributes to MPN predisposition and phenotypic pleiotropy. Genome-wide analysis identified an allele in the JAK2 locus (rs10974944) that predisposes to the development of JAK2(V617F)-positive MPN, as well as three previously unknown MPN modifier loci. We found that JAK2(V617F) is preferentially acquired in cis with the predisposition allele. These data suggest that germline variation is an important contributor to MPN phenotype and predisposition.

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Available from: Adriana Heguy, Aug 13, 2014
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    • "Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain the correlation between particular JAK2 haplotypes and the risk of cMPN. As mentioned above, one hypothesis is that a genetic instability brought by the presence of a specific inherited haplotype facilitated the emergence of an acquired JAK2 mutation (10-12),. Another hypothesis suggests that the JAK2 46/1 haplotype could confer a proliferative or survival advantage to the neoplastic clone, which may explain the increased frequency of the JAK2 46/1 haplotype in different populations of cMPN patients (18). "
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    ABSTRACT: The JAK2 46/1 haplotype has recently been described as a major contributing factor to the development of myeloproliferative neoplasm, whether positive or negative forthe JAK2 V617F mutation. The G allele, identified by a single-nucleotide polymorphism known as JAK2 rs10974944, is part of the JAK2 46/1 haplotype. The aim of this study was to verify the association between the presence of the G allele and the development of BCR-ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms in our population. Blood and oral mucosa swab samples were obtained from 56 patients of two local Brazilian hospitals who had previously been diagnosed with BCR-ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. Blood samples from 90 local blood donors were used as controls. The presence of the G allele was assessed using a PCR-RFLP assay after extracting DNA from the samples. The presence of the G allele was strongly associated with the presence of BCR-ABL-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (p = 0.0001; OR = 2.674; 95% CI = 1.630-4.385) in the studied population. In agreement with previous reports, the JAK2 46/1 haplotype, represented in this study by the presence of the G allele, is an important predisposing factor in the oncogenetic development of these neoplasms in our population.
    Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil) 01/2013; 68(1):5-9. DOI:10.6061/clinics/2013(01)OA02 · 1.19 Impact Factor
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    • "The results presented in three recent publications lead to the conclusion that the JAK2 gene is the susceptibility gene for MPN, both as the germline as well as the somatic locus (Jones et al. 2009; Kilpivaara et al. 2009; Olcaydu et al. 2009). In these studies, it was shown that a specific JAK2 haplotype, named 46/1, has been associated with the acquisition of the JAK2V617F mutation. "
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene is altered in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and the regulation of transcription could be a mechanism that modulates JAK2 gene expression. We analyzed the transcriptional potential of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12343867 T > C in JAK2 intron 14, tagging 46/1 haplotype, and its influence on JAK2 gene expression. Functional analysis of JAK2 intron 14 was performed using the pBLCAT5 reporter system in K562 cells. Identification of the proteins binding to the intron 14 regulatory element was accomplished by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and supershift assays. Quantification of the expression of JAK2 gene in a cohort of 51 MPN patients and 12 healthy controls was performed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR). Functional analysis revealed that the intronic DNA element harboring SNP rs12343867 T > C acts as a transcriptional repressor in vitro. The repressor activity was significantly attenuated by the presence of nucleotide C. Supershift analysis showed the enrolment of transcriptional factor Meis1 in this process. RQ-PCR experiments showed increased JAK2 expression in patients with the JAK2V617F mutation, with a significant difference between essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and myelofibrosis (MF) patients. SNP rs12343867 showed no statistically significant influence on the expression of JAK2 gene in MNP patients.
    Journal of applied genetics 11/2012; 54(1). DOI:10.1007/s13353-012-0125-x · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    • "To determine whether minor alleles of JAK2 SNPs favor the cis acquisition of JAK2 V617F, we next sequenced six SNPs using allele-specific primers (Additional file 1A). In accordance with a previous report [8], in the genotype with minor alleles in all six SNPs, the T allele was more frequently observed in JAK2 V617F than the G allele in normal controls; the OR was 7.74 (95% CI: 2.32-25.75) (Additional file 2). "
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    ABSTRACT: Polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) are myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) characterized in most cases by a unique somatic mutation, JAK2 V617F. Recent studies revealed that JAK2 V617F occurs more frequently in a specific JAK2 haplotype, named JAK2 46/1 or GGCC haplotype, which is tagged by rs10974944 (C/G) and/or rs12343867 (T/C). This study examined the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the JAK2 locus on MPNs in a Japanese population. We sequenced 24 JAK2 SNPs in Japanese patients with PV. We then genotyped 138 MPN patients (33 PV, 96 ET, and 9 PMF) with known JAK2 mutational status and 107 controls for a novel SNP, in addition to two SNPs known to be part of the 46/1 haplotype (rs10974944 and rs12343867). Associations with risk of MPN were estimated by odds ratios and their 95% confidence intervals using logistic regression. A novel locus, rs4495487 (T/C), with a mutated T allele was significantly associated with PV. Similar to rs10974944 and rs12343867, rs4495487 in the JAK2 locus is significantly associated with JAK2-positive MPN. Based on the results of SNP analysis of the three JAK2 locus, we defined the "GCC genotype" as having at least one minor allele in each SNP (G allele in rs10974944, C allele in rs4495487, and C allele in rs12343867). The GCC genotype was associated with increased risk of both JAK2 V617F-positive and JAK2 V617F-negative MPN. In ET patients, leukocyte count and hemoglobin were significantly associated with JAK2 V617F, rather than the GCC genotype. In contrast, none of the JAK2 V617F-negative ET patients without the GCC genotype had thrombosis, and splenomegaly was frequently seen in this subset of ET patients. PV patients without the GCC genotype were significantly associated with high platelet count. Our results indicate that the C allele of JAK2 rs4495487, in addition to the 46/1 haplotype, contributes significantly to the occurrence of JAK2 V617F-positive and JAK2 V617F-negative MPNs in the Japanese population. Because lack of the GCC genotype represents a distinct clinical-hematological subset of MPN, analyzing JAK2 SNPs and quantifying JAK2 V617F mutations will provide further insights into the molecular pathogenesis of MPN.
    BMC Medical Genetics 01/2012; 13(1):6. DOI:10.1186/1471-2350-13-6 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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