The aim of the study was to examine the changes in attitudes towards mental illness after theoretical education and clinical placement among students from university programmes preparing for different kinds of health professions. Three different questionnaires were used, measuring the level of familiarity with mental illness and attitudes towards mental illness in general and towards specific mental illnesses. The data were collected on two occasions, before the theoretical course and after the completed clinical placement. The result showed that the attitudes toward mental illness in general had changed in a less stigmatising direction after the clinical placement. On the other hand, attitudes toward specific mental illnesses did not show any major changes. A conclusion is that the clinical placement included in the university programmes to some extent could affect attitudes in a de-stigmatizing direction, possibly because of the interaction with persons suffering from mental illness and experienced supervisors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of naturalistic educational interventions on attitudes towards persons with mental illness. Methods: In a pre-post test design, 456 students in vocational University programmes to become nurses, social workers, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, psychologists, and public health workers were studied after a course in mental illness, using questionnaires focusing on familiarity with mental illness and attitudes towards the mentally ill in general and towards schizophrenia in particular. Results: The results revealed a significant improvement for the total group in their being afraid of people with mental illness in general and being more positive towards having mentally ill people living in their neighbourhood. Differences between the student groups were found. Some educational features positively influencing stigmatizing attitudes were identified. Conclusion: Education has some effect on attitudes towards patients with mental illness, mostly on fear. To understand the effective educational ingredients for change, further research is needed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Introducción. El estigma social que persiste hacia la enfermedad mental puede estar presente en los estudiantes de medicina e impactar en la forma de considerar ésta y la psiquiatría como especialidad. Objetivo. Investigar la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental y la psiquiatría en una muestra de estudiantes. Sujetos y métodos. Se realizó una encuesta estructurada, voluntaria y anónima a los 27 estudiantes de quinto curso del grado de medicina de la Universidad San Pablo-CEU de Madrid. La encuesta incluía un cuestionario sobre el nivel de familiaridad hacia la enfermedad mental, el cuestionario de actitud hacia la enfermedad mental (AMI) y el cuestionario adaptado de Balon sobre la actitud hacia la psiquiatría. Resultados. Un total de 22 alumnos respondió la encuesta (72,7% mujeres). Estos alumnos presentaron una alta familiaridad con la enfermedad mental (puntuación media: 7,27; máximo: 11). El 81,8% refirieron una actitud positiva hacia la enfermedad mental (escala AMI). Las puntuaciones de la escala de Balon también mostraron un nivel alto de acuerdo en los méritos globales de la psiquiatría y en la eficacia de ésta. Tampoco las respuestas respecto al rol y función del psiquiatra y a la carrera profesional revelaron una postura negativa. No hubo relación entre la familiaridad y la actitud hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Conclusiones. En esta muestra no se evidencia la existencia de estigma hacia la enfermedad mental o hacia la psiquiatría. Posteriores estudios en muestras más amplias y evaluaciones de la enseñanza de la psiquiatría son necesarios para profundizar en este tema.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To evaluate attitudes towards mental illness displayed by student nurses' with previous contact with mentally disordered persons prior to education in psychiatric nursing and to evaluate trends in attitudes towards mental illness exhibited by student nurses and the public in Sweden.
Altogether 246 student nurses enrolled in three universities in Sweden (mean age = 27.9 ± 7.5 years) out of which 210 were females and 36 males, completed prior to their obligatory course in psychiatric nursing a shortened version of 11 internally reliable (Cronbach's alpha 0.84) items from the Swedish version of the Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness questionnarie. The selected items were named the Student Nurse Attitude Index (SNAI) and formed the basis for an evaluation of trends exhibited by student nurses and the attitudes of the general population towards mental illness by means of Jonkheere's trend test. By linear regression analysis, the impact of previous contact with mental illness on student nurses' attitudes towards mental illness prior to education in psychiatric nursing was assessed.
Student nurses did not demonstrate, in contrast to the public in Sweden, a trend of positive attitudes toward persons with mental illness. Even so, it was revealed that student nurses who had experienced some type of contact with mental illness prior to education in psychiatric nursing exhibited a positive attitude, more so than those lacking contact, toward mental illness.
The findings corroborated the "contact hypothesis", implying that direct contact with persons with mental illness will encourage acceptance and enhance a positive attitude towards mental illness in general.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.