Article

The efficiency and fidelity of 8-oxo-guanine bypass by DNA polymerases delta and eta.

Laboratory of Molecular Genetics and Laboratory of Structural Biology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Research, NC 27709, USA.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 8.81). 04/2009; 37(9):2830-40. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkp103
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A DNA lesion created by oxidative stress is 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine (8-oxoG). Because 8-oxoG can mispair with adenine during DNA synthesis, it is of interest to understand the efficiency and fidelity of 8-oxoG bypass by DNA polymerases. We quantify bypass parameters for two DNA polymerases implicated in 8-oxoG bypass, Pols delta and eta. Yeast Pol delta and yeast Pol eta both bypass 8-oxoG and misincorporate adenine during bypass. However, yeast Pol eta is 10-fold more efficient than Pol delta, and following bypass Pol eta switches to less processive synthesis, similar to that observed during bypass of a cis-syn thymine-thymine dimer. Moreover, yeast Pol eta is at least 10-fold more accurate than yeast Pol delta during 8-oxoG bypass. These differences are maintained in the presence of the accessory proteins RFC, PCNA and RPA and are consistent with the established role of Pol eta in suppressing ogg1-dependent mutagenesis in yeast. Surprisingly different results are obtained with human and mouse Pol eta. Both mammalian enzymes bypass 8-oxoG efficiently, but they do so less processively, without a switch point and with much lower fidelity than yeast Pol eta. The fact that yeast and mammalian Pol eta have intrinsically different catalytic properties has potential biological implications.

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