In recent decades there has been an increasing trend towards male partners attending childbirth in post-industrialized countries. However, in some countries, due to limited cultural acceptability and outdated delivery practices, fathers are not welcomed or even allowed into the delivery room. World experience postulates that men's active participation and assistance during childbirth accelerates the delivery process and improves delivery outcomes. Fathers' involvement also promotes positive feelings about the birth experience, fosters paternal role attainment, and strengthens family bonding. Despite documented advantages of fathers' involvement in pregnancy and childbirth, it still remains challenging to implement. The Healthy Women in Georgia (HWG) programme, promoting family-centred maternity care in Georgia, has demonstrated the efficiency of childbirth educational classes combined with modernized labour and delivery practices as a means of increasing fathers' participation in pregnancy care and childbirth. Moreover, HWG interventions have shown that fathers can effectively provide early skin-to-skin contact to caesarean section delivered infants, contributing to the heat conservation of the babies and minimizing the likelihood of hypothermia. Advanced labour and delivery practices, adequate antenatal education, and father's increased participation in pregnancy care and delivery promoted by the HWG programme has been shown to improve delivery outcomes, ultimately leading to better maternal and child health.
"그러므 로 부아애착을 증진시키는 중재를 계획함에 있어 원부성애착 을 고려하고, 배우자와 아버지의 정서적 지지를 포괄할 필요 가 있다. 간호사는 조기에 부아애착을 중재함으로서 아버지의 신생 아에 대한 관심을 이끌어내어, 애정을 갖고 결속할 수 있도록 아버지됨의 발달을 도울 수 있다(Choi & Kim, 2011; Feinberg & Kan, 2008; Pestvenidze & Bohrer, 2007 "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study effects of a paternal participation program during cesarean section on paternal infant attachment were investigate. The experimental treatment was an integrative nursing intervention to promote father to infant attachment.
"Studies undertaken to explore views and experiences of men during childbirth have reported a wide range of experiences that include improvements in the couple’s positive attitude towards the birthing process , enhanced father-baby attachment, and father’s increased participation in early caretaking activities . Pride related to fatherhood, increased respect for women  and improved partners’ relationships  were reported. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Exploring the experiences and views of men who had attended the birth of their children is very vital, especially in a setting where traditionally only women accord women support during labour and childbirth. The insights drawn from the male partners’ views and experiences could enhance the current woman-centred midwifery model that encompasses the needs of the baby, the woman’s family and other people important to the woman, as defined and negotiated by the woman herself. This paper explored the views and experiences of men who attended the birth of their children from two private hospitals in an urban setting in southern Malawi.
This study used an exploratory descriptive qualitative approach. The data were collected through in-depth interviews from 20 men from Blantyre, a city in the southern part of Malawi, who consented to participate in the study. These men attended the birth of their children at Blantyre Adventist and Mlambe Mission Hospitals within the past two years prior to data collection in August 2010. A semi-structure interview guide was used to collect data. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data set.
Four themes were identified to explain the experiences and views of men about attending childbirth. The themes were motivation; positive experiences; negative experiences; reflection and resolutions. The negative experiences had four sub-themes namely shame and embarrassment, helplessness and unprepared, health care provider – male partner tension, and exclusion from decision-making process.
The findings showed that with proper motivational information, enabling environment, positive midwives’ attitude and spouse willingness, it is possible to involve male partners during childbirth in Malawi. Midwives, women and male peers are vital in the promotion of male involvement during childbirth. In addition, midwives have a duty to ensure that men are well prepared for the labour and childbirth processes for the experience to be a positive one.
"For the father, childbirth is an emotionally rich experience since it allows the first direct contact with his child. For some men, being present at childbirth and giving support to their partners encourages them to become more effective parents and child care-givers (Pestvenidze & Bohrer 2007). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: brandão s. & figueiredo b. (2012) Fathers' emotional involvement with the neonate: impact of the umbilical cord cutting experience. Journal of Advanced Nursing00(0), 000-000. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.05978.x ABSTRACT: Aims. This paper is a report on a study analysing the effect of the umbilical cord cutting experience on fathers' emotional involvement with their infants. Background. Participation in childbirth offers an opportunity for father and mother to share the childbirth experience, so it is vital that midwives improve the fathers' participation in this event. Design. A quasi-experimental study with a quantitative methodology was implemented. Methods. One hundred and five fathers were recruited as part of a convenience sample in a Maternity Public Hospital in a Metropolitan City in Portugal, between January and May of 2008. The Bonding Scale, the Portuguese version of the 'Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale' was used to evaluate the fathers' emotional involvement with the neonate at different moments: before childbirth, first day after childbirth and first month after childbirth. After childbirth, the fathers were divided into three separate groups depending on their umbilical cord cutting experience. Results. The results demonstrate that the emotional involvement between father and child tends to increase during the first days after childbirth and to decrease when evaluated 1 month after birth, for fathers who did not cut the umbilical cord. However, fathers who cut the umbilical cord demonstrate an improvement in emotional involvement 1 month later. Conclusion. Results suggest that the umbilical cord cutting experience benefits the father's emotional involvement with the neonate, supporting the benefits of his participation and empowerment in childbirth.
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