The stability of biapenem and structural identification of impurities in aqueous solution.
ABSTRACT The stability of biapenem in aqueous solution was investigated. Forced degradation of biapenem was carried out under different concentrations, pH values and temperatures. The degradation products were determined by reverse-phase HPLC and identified by LC-MS/MS. One dimeric impurity was obtained by reverse-phase preparative HPLC and characterized by LC-MS/MS and NMR. A possible degradation mechanism has been presented.
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ABSTRACT: This review describes an epigrammatic impression of the recent trends in analytical perspectives of degradation and impurities profiling of pharmaceuticals including active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) as well as drug products during 2008-2012. These recent trends in forced degradation and impurity profiling were discussed on the head of year of publication; columns, matrix (API and dosage forms) and type of elution in chromatography (isocratic and gradient); therapeutic categories of the drug which were used for analysis. It focuses distinctly on comprehensive update of various analytical methods including hyphenated techniques for the identification and quantification of thresholds of impurities and degradants in different pharmaceutical matrices.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 07/2013; 86C:11-35. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The elaborated method of micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) used to separate biapenem from its related substances was successfully implemented using sweeping under an enhanced electric field, followed by UV absorption detection at 200nm. The best results were obtained with formic buffer (22.5mM) pH 4.3 and sodium dodecyl sulfate (150mM) added to the electrolyte as the sweeping agent. Neutral capillary (60/50cm; 50μm ID) with reverse polarity and voltage values of 22kV, were used throughout the investigation. The optimized method of biapenem determination, validated in terms of linearity, accuracy and precision, provides a detection limit of 0.5μg/mL at S/N=3 for biapenem. The repeatability of the CE system, expressed by relative standard deviations (RSD) in the migration times, for biapenem and its degradation products varied from 0.14 to 1.48%, whereas for the corrected peak areas RSD were about 0.68-8.43%. Satisfactory separation was achieved within 20min of electrophoresis; moreover all carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, doripenem and biapenem) were separated from each other during analysis. The evaluated MEKC method was applied to the analysis of a medicinal product containing biapenem - Omegacin 0.3g for intravenous drip infusion.Journal of Chromatography A 03/2013; 1282:153-60. · 4.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Current standards and regulations demand the pharmaceutical industry not only to produce highly pure drug substances, but to achieve a thorough understanding of the impurities accompanying their manufactured drug substances and products. These challenges have become important goals of process chemistry and have steadily stimulated the search of impurities after accelerated or forced degradation procedures. As a result, impurity profiling is one of the most attractive, active and relevant fields of modern pharmaceutical analysis. This activity includes the identification, structural elucidation and quantitative determination of impurities and degradation products in bulk drugs and their pharmaceutical formulations. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has evolved into an irreplaceable approach for pharmaceutical quality assessment, currently playing a critical role in unequivocal structure identification as well as structural confirmation (qualitative detection), enabling the understanding of the underlying mechanisms of the formation of process and/or degradation impurities. NMR is able to provide qualitative information without the need of standards of the unknown compounds and multiple components can be quantified in a complex sample without previous separation. When coupled to separative techniques, the resulting hyphenated methodologies enhance the analytical power of this spectroscopy to previously unknown levels. As a result, and by enabling the implementation of rational decisions regarding the identity and level of impurities, NMR contributes to the goal of making better and safer medicines. Herein are discussed the applications of NMR spectroscopy and its hyphenated derivate techniques to the study of a wide range pharmaceutical impurities. Details on the advantages and disadvantages of the methodology and well as specific challenges with regards to the different analytical problems are also presented.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 04/2014;