Crohn disease of the small bowel: comparison of CT enterography, MR enterography, and small-bowel follow-through as diagnostic techniques.
ABSTRACT To prospectively compare the accuracy of computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) enterography and small-bowel follow-through (SBFT) examination for detection of active small-bowel inflammation and extraenteric complications in patients with Crohn disease (CD).
The institutional review board approved the study protocol; informed consent was obtained from all participants. Thirty-one consecutive patients who had CD or who were suspected of having CD underwent CT and MR enterography, SBFT, and ileocolonoscopy. Two independent readers reviewed CT and MR enterographic and SBFT images for presence of active terminal ileitis and extraenteric complications. Accuracy values of CT and MR enterography and SBFT for identification of active terminal ileitis were evaluated with the receiver operating characteristic method, with ileocolonoscopic findings as the reference standard. Sensitivity values of CT and MR enterography and SBFT for detection of extraenteric complications were compared by using the McNemar test, with results of imaging studies, surgery, and physical examination as reference standards.
The study population included 30 patients (17 men, 13 women; mean age, 29.0 years) with CD. Differences in areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves for CT enterography (0.900 and 0.894), MR enterography (0.933 and 0.950), and SBFT (0.883 and 0.928) for readers 1 and 2, respectively, in the detection of active terminal ileitis were not significant (P > .017). Sensitivity values for detection of extraenteric complications were significantly higher for CT and MR enterography (100% for both) than they were for SBFT (32% for reader 1 and 37% for reader 2) (P < .001).
Because MR enterography has a diagnostic effectiveness comparable to that of CT enterography, this technique has potential to be used as a radiation-free alternative for evaluation of patients with CD.
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ABSTRACT: The epidemiology, genetics, and clinical manifestations of Crohn's disease (CD) vary considerably among geographic areas and ethnic groups. Thus, identifying the characteristics of Korean CD is important for establishing management strategies appropriate for Korean patients. Since the mid-2000s, many studies have investigated the characteristic features of Korean CD. The incidence and prevalence rates of CD have been increasing rapidly in Korea, especially among the younger population. Unlike Western data, Korean CD shows a male predominance and a lower proportion of isolated colonic disease. Perianal lesions are more prevalent than in Western countries. Genome-wide association studies have confirmed that genetic variants in TNFSF15, IL-23R, and IRGM, but not ATG16L1, are associated with CD susceptibility in the Korean population. Studies of the associations between genetic mutations and the clinical course of CD are underway. Although it has been generally accepted that the clinical course of Korean CD is milder than that in Western countries, recent studies have shown a comparable rate of intestinal resection in Korean and Western CD patients. An ongoing nationwide, hospital-based cohort study is anticipated to provide valuable information on the natural history and prognosis of Korean CD in the near future.The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 09/2014; 29(5):558-570.
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ABSTRACT: To highlight magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) for diagnosis of patients with refractory iron deficiency anemia and normal endoscopy results.World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2014; 20(38):14004-14009. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective Although the serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level may, to some extent, predict the disease activity in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), it is not always elevated during periods of disease activity. This study aimed to identify factors predicting the presence of active intestinal lesions in CD patients without an elevated CRP level. Methods CD patients in whom the presence or absence of active intestinal lesions was evaluated using endoscopic and/or radiologic modalities were divided into two groups based on a negative (<3 mg/L) or positive (≥3 mg/L) CRP level. The correlations between the presence of active intestinal lesions and various clinical variables, including the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI), leukocyte and platelet counts and hemoglobin, serum albumin and CRP levels, were determined in the CRP-negative patients. Results Of the 128 patients examined, 70 had a negative CRP status, approximately half of whom had active intestinal lesions. The multivariate analysis revealed a CDAI of >100 and platelet count of >33×10(4) /μL to be significant predictive factors for the presence of active lesions in the CRP-negative patients [CDAI >100, odds ratio (OR) =5.55; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.80-18.74, platelet count >33×10(4) /μL, OR =5.94; 95% CI, 1.34-28.87]. The sensitivity of fulfillment of either criterion for the presence of active intestinal lesions was 83%, while the specificity of fulfillment of both criteria was 94%. Conclusion A relatively low CDAI and platelet count were identified as predictive markers of the presence of active intestinal lesions in CRP-negative CD patients. These results suggest that symptoms and laboratory data should be evaluated very carefully in such patients.Internal Medicine 01/2014; 53(17):1905-11. · 0.97 Impact Factor