Brain accumulation of dasatinib is restricted by P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) and can be enhanced by elacridar treatment.
ABSTRACT Imatinib, a BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a substrate of the efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp; ABCB1) and ABCG2 (breast cancer resistance protein), and its brain accumulation is restricted by both transporters. For dasatinib, an inhibitor of SCR/BCR-ABL kinases, in vivo interactions with P-gp and ABCG2 are not fully established yet.
We used Abcb1a/1b(-/-), Abcg2(-/-), and Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-) mice to establish the roles of P-gp and ABCG2 in the pharmacokinetics and brain accumulation of dasatinib.
We found that oral uptake of dasatinib is limited by P-gp. Furthermore, relative brain accumulation, 6 hours after administration, was not affected by Abcg2 deficiency, but absence of P-gp resulted in a 3.6-fold increase after oral and 4.8-fold higher accumulation after i.p. administration. Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-) mice had the most pronounced increase in relative brain accumulation, which was 13.2-fold higher after oral and 22.7-fold increased after i.p. administration. Moreover, coadministration to wild-type mice of dasatinib with the dual P-gp and ABCG2 inhibitor elacridar resulted in a similar dasatinib brain accumulation as observed for Abcb1a/1b;Abcg2(-/-) mice.
Brain accumulation of dasatinib is primarily restricted by P-gp, but Abcg2 can partly take over this protective function at the blood-brain barrier. Consequently, when both transporters are absent or inhibited, brain uptake of dasatinib is highly increased. These findings might be clinically relevant for patients with central nervous system Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia, as coadministration of an inhibitor of P-gp and ABCG2 with dasatinib might result in better therapeutic responses in these patients.
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ABSTRACT: Malignant gliomas remain associated with poor prognosis and high morbidity because of their ability to invade the brain; furthermore, human gliomas exhibit a phenotype of accelerated brain invasion in response to anti-angiogenic drugs. Here, we study 8 human glioblastoma cell lines; U251, U87, D54 and LN229 show accelerated motility in low ambient oxygen. Src inhibition by Dasatinib abrogates this phenotype. Molecular discovery and validation studies evaluate 46 molecules related to motility or the src pathway in U251 cells. Demanding that the molecular changes induced by low ambient oxygen are reversed by Dasatinib in U251 cells, identifies neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (NWASP), Focal adhesion Kinase (FAK), [Formula: see text]-Catenin, and Cofilin. However, only Src-mediated NWASP phosphorylation distinguishes the four cell lines that exhibit enhanced motility in low ambient oxygen. Downregulating c-Src or NWASP by RNA interference abrogates the low-oxygen-induced enhancement in motility by in vitro assays and in organotypic brain slice cultures. The findings support the idea that c-Src and NWASP play key roles in mediating the molecular pathogenesis of low oxygen-induced accelerated brain invasion by gliomas.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(9):e75436. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Predicting the penetration of drugs across the human blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a significant challenge during their development. A variety of in vitro systems representing the BBB have been described, but the optimal use of these data in terms of extrapolation to human unbound brain concentration profiles remains to be fully exploited. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling of drug disposition in the central nervous system (CNS) currently consists of fitting preclinical in vivo data to compartmental models in order to estimate the permeability and efflux of drugs across the BBB. The increasingly popular approach of using in vitro-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) to generate PBPK model input parameters could provide a more mechanistic basis for the interspecies translation of preclinical models of the CNS. However, a major hurdle exists in verifying these predictions with observed data, since human brain concentrations can't be directly measured. Therefore a combination of IVIVE-based and empirical modelling approaches based on preclinical data are currently required. In this review, we summarise the existing PBPK models of the CNS in the literature, and we evaluate the current opportunities and limitations of potential IVIVE strategies for PBPK modelling of BBB penetration.The AAPS Journal 06/2013; · 4.39 Impact Factor