The efficacy of hormonal treatment for residual or recurrent low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma. A retrospective study.
ABSTRACT Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (EES) is a rare tumour with a high recurrence rate but a very good prognosis. Responses to hormonal treatment of these recurrences have been published in case reports. The aim of this study was to determine the objective response rate and response duration of hormonal treatment for recurrent or residual low-grade ESS in a consecutive series of patients.
Thirteen consecutive patients with residual or recurrent disease were retrieved from the files. Eleven patients with measurable disease were treated with hormones and form the basis of this study. The following data were collected: age, date of primary diagnosis, type of primary treatment, the presence and localization of residual or recurrent disease, type of treatment, response, duration of response and survival.
After hormonal treatment 9 (82%) patients showed an objective response (4 complete response; 5 partial response), one showed stable disease (26+ months) and one progressive disease. Response duration was from 4+ to 252+ months (median 48+ months).
Hormonal treatment for measurable residual or recurrent low-grade ESS has a high response rate and should be considered as the treatment of choice for patients in which recurrent disease cannot easily be resected.
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ABSTRACT: Background. Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESS) are a subtype of gynaecological sarcomas characterized by the overexpression of hormone receptors. Hormone treatment is widely used in ESS but primary or acquired resistance is common. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway has been suggested to play a key role in the mechanisms of hormone resistance. Recent studies in breast and prostate cancer demonstrate that this resistance can be reversed with the addition of an mTOR inhibitor. This phenomenon has never been reported in ESS. Methods. We report the outcome of one patient with pretreated, progressing low grade metastatic ESS treated with medroxyprogesterone acetate in combination with the mTOR inhibitor sirolimus. Results. Partial response was achieved following the addition of sirolimus to the hormone treatment. Response has been maintained for more than 2 years with minimal toxicity and treatment is ongoing. Conclusion. This case suggests that the resistance to the hormone manipulation in ESS can be reversed by the addition of an mTOR pathway inhibitor. This observation is highly encouraging and deserves further investigation.Case reports in medicine. 01/2014; 2014:612496.
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ABSTRACT: Soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare and heterogeneous group of tumours that comprise approximately 1% of all adult cancers, and encompass over 50 different subtypes. These tumours exhibit a wide range of differing behaviours and underlying molecular pathologies, and can arise anywhere in the body. Surgical resection is critical to the management of locoregional disease. In the locally advanced or metastatic disease settings, systemic therapy has an important role in the multidisciplinary management of sarcoma. Cytotoxic therapy that usually consists of doxorubicin and ifosfamide has been the mainstay of treatment for many years. However recent advances in molecular pathogenesis, the development of novel targeted therapies, changes in clinical trial design and increased international collaboration have led to the development of histology-driven therapy. Furthermore, genomic profiling has highlighted that some STS are driven by translocation, mutation or amplification and others have more complex and chaotic karyotypes. In this Review, we aim to describe the current gold standard treatment for specific STS subtypes as well as outline future promising therapies in the pipeline.Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology 03/2014; · 15.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess prognostic factors associated with disease-related survival in endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) using the 2009 FIGO staging system. From January 1990 to January 2012, 114 patients with ESS were identified at the Samsung and Asan Medical Center and data were retrospectively analyzed. Ten (8.7%) patients died of the disease and 33 (28.9%) patients relapsed. The 5- and 10-year overall survival (OS) rates for the entire cohort were 92.6% and 87.1%, respectively, and the 5- and 10-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were 71.8% and 52.1%, respectively. The estimated median survival after recurrence for the 33 patients whose tumors relapsed was 133months (95% CI, 7.7-258.4), and 5-year survival after recurrence was 68.9%. Stage I (P=0.006), estrogen and/or progesterone receptor (ER/PR) positivity (P=0.0027), and no nodal metastasis (P=0.033) were associated with a good prognosis for OS in the univariate analysis. Ovarian preservation was revealed to be an independent predictor for poorer RFS (HR, 6.5; 95% CI, 1.23-34.19; P=0.027). Positivity for ER/PR (HR, 0.05; 95% CI, 0.006-0.4; P=0.006) and cytoreductive resection of recurrent lesions (HR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.02-0.93; P=0.042) were independent predictors of better survival after recurrence. Stage, expression of ER/PR, and nodal metastasis are significantly associated with OS in ESS. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) as the primary treatment and cytoreductive resection of recurrent lesions should be considered for improving survival of patients with ESS.Gynecologic Oncology 10/2013; · 3.93 Impact Factor