Multicentre, open, noncomparative Phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of fotemustine, cisplatin, alpha-interferon and interleukin-2 in advanced melanoma patients.
ABSTRACT The efficacy and tolerability of fotemustine, cisplatin, alpha-interferon and interleukin-2 biochemotherapy were evaluated in advanced melanoma patients. The schedule consisted of fotemustine (100 mg/m) and cisplatin (75 mg/m) intravenous on day 1, followed by subcutaneous interleukin-2 at a dose of 4.5 MIU on days 3-5 and 8-12 and alpha-interferon at a dose of 3 MU three times/week, every 3 weeks for six cycles. Sixty patients were evaluated for tumour response, 12 of whom had brain metastases (BM). One patient (1.7%) with BM achieved a complete response and partial responses were observed in 10 patients (16.7%), including one BM patient. Overall response rate was 18.4 and 16.6% in BM patients (median response duration 8.2 months). Disease control, defined as overall response and stable disease, was 58.4% in all patients and 75% in patients with BM. Median time to progression was 3.2 months (4.2 months in BM patients). Median overall survival was 8.9 months (7.6 months in BM patients). Toxic events were mild to moderate. This combination was well tolerated and showed acceptable clinical activity, especially in BM patients.
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ABSTRACT: The combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapeutic agents such as interleukin-2 and interferon alfa-2b has been reported to provide improved treatment results in patients with metastatic melanoma, compared with the use of chemotherapy alone. We have performed a prospective randomized trial in patients with metastatic melanoma, comparing treatment with chemotherapy to treatment with chemoimmunotherapy. One hundred two patients with metastatic melanoma were prospectively randomized to receive chemotherapy composed of tamoxifen, cisplatin, and dacarbazine or this same chemotherapy followed by interferon alfa-2b and interleukin-2. Objective responses, survival, and toxicity in the two groups were evaluated at a median potential follow-up of 42 months. In 52 patients randomized to receive chemotherapy, there were 14 objective responses (27%), including four complete responses. In 50 patients randomized to receive chemoimmunotherapy, there were 22 objective responses (44%) (P2 = .071), including three complete responses. In both treatment groups, the duration of partial responses was often short, and there was a trend toward a survival advantage for patients receiving chemotherapy alone (P2 = .052; median survival of 15.8 months compared with 10.7 months). Treatment-related toxicities were greater in patients receiving chemoimmunotherapy. With the treatment regimens used in this study, the addition of immunotherapy to combination chemotherapy increased toxicity but did not increase survival. The use of combination chemoimmunotherapy regimens is not recommended in the absence of well-designed, prospective, randomized protocols showing the benefit of this treatment strategy.Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/1999; 17(3):968-75. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fotemustine and dacarbazine constitute the most active single chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of melanoma. In this phase II study we evaluated the activity and toxicity of a combination of fotemustine, dacarbazine and vindesine as a means of increasing response rate and survival time. Between September 1989 and November 1993, 43 patients with advanced melanoma were treated with a combination of 100 mg/m2 fotemustine on days 1 and 8, 250 mg/m2 dacarbazine on days 15 and 16 and 2 mg/m2 vindesine on days 15 and 16 as induction treatment. After a 5-week rest period, the patients exhibiting a response or stable disease received the same drugs administered once every 28 days as maintenance therapy until either progression or toxicity was observed. Among 41 evaluable patients, there were six complete responses and eight partial responses. The overall response rate was 32% (95% confidence interval: 18-46%), with 8 months median duration of response. Median survival time was 10 months. This regimen was well tolerated. From this large phase II study, we conclude that such a combination is active against advanced malignant melanoma and seems to be more effective than fotemustine or dacarbazine used alone, especially on visceral metastatic sites.Melanoma Research 01/1996; 5(6):419-24. · 2.52 Impact Factor
Article: Metastatic melanoma: chemotherapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma has been rapidly increasing, with an estimate of 47,700 new cases diagnosed in 2000 in the United States. In the early phase of its natural history, melanoma is cured in most cases by surgery, but once the metastatic phase develops, it is almost always fatal. The treatment of metastatic melanoma remains unsatisfactory. Systemic therapy has not been successful up to now, with very low response rates to single-agent chemotherapy. Polychemotherapy has increased the response rate (RR), without a significant improvement in overall survival. Immunotherapy alone is able to induce only a few durable complete responses (CRs). New chemotherapeutic and biologic agents are now available and promising combined approaches targeting the tumor by several different mechanisms are desirable and will probably represent the future modality of treatment.Seminars in Oncology 11/2002; 29(5):427-45. · 4.33 Impact Factor